3-4 pages APA formatted assignment. USE 4-5 references. Please come up with a PICO question that is about the “NURSING SHORTAGE” and include it in the introduction paragraph. Start the introduction section here (no header). Choosing the right topic is important. What gaps in practice have you observed? What do frontline workers/coworkers comment on or think needs to change? This can be the same as your issue identified in week one, or it can be different. *Note: Examples could include PDSA or Lewin’s Change Theory Fully and clearly described the process for the change including the use of a change theory or process*. Who needs to be included in order to make the project work? Include titles or roles (not names). Consider who can fulfill the roles discussed in the classroom presentation. *Who are the primary stakeholders? Include them. What are you trying to accomplish? Why is it important? Who is the target population? When will the project be completed? How will it be carried out? (make sure statement is specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and timely.) What are some processes and short-term outcome goals that will help you know that you have achieved your overall project aim?  Make sure that these are measurable and realistic. (Include short and long term goals) What tools or measures should be used to determine if the goals were met? What information is provided by these tools? How will the data be analyzed and by whom? (INCLUDE 2) Describe possible changes or solutions that address the identified problem. Be specific/detailed. What leads you to believe these will work? Include literature based support. Fully and clearly described the benefits of this project/change to the institution with literature and/or anecdotal evidence. Summarize the above information in a clear and concise conclusion. OVERVIEW PLEASE BE SURE TO INCLUDE EACH TOPIC: * *


The nursing shortage is a critical issue in healthcare that has significant implications for patient care and outcomes. The shortage of nurses has been a persistent problem, which has been exacerbated by factors such as an aging workforce, increased patient acuity, and the high demand for healthcare services. This assignment focuses on addressing the nursing shortage and its impact on patient care using Lewin’s Change Theory as a framework for the change process.

Gaps in Practice and Stakeholders

The nursing shortage has been observed to have various gaps in practice. For example, frontline workers and coworkers often comment on the increased workload, stress, and burnout among nurses due to the shortage. They also identify the need for better staffing ratios to ensure patient safety and quality care. Additionally, there is a consensus among stakeholders that there is a need to attract and retain more individuals in the nursing profession to address the shortage and fulfill the healthcare needs of the population.

Primary stakeholders in this project include nurses, nursing managers, healthcare administrators, and policymakers. These individuals play a crucial role in addressing the nursing shortage as they are responsible for implementing changes in practice, developing strategies to attract and retain nurses, and allocating resources to support the nursing workforce.

Project Goals and Timeline

The primary goal of this project is to address the nursing shortage and improve patient care. To achieve this goal, the project aims to increase the recruitment and retention of nurses, improve working conditions and job satisfaction, and enhance collaboration and communication among healthcare team members.

The target population for this project is the nursing workforce, including registered nurses and nursing support staff. The project will be completed within a one-year timeline, allowing for adequate planning, implementation, and evaluation of the proposed changes.

Project Implementation and Outcome Goals

The project will be carried out through a systematic change process using Lewin’s Change Theory. The three stages of Lewin’s Change Theory, including unfreezing, implementing change, and refreezing, will guide the change process. Unfreezing will involve creating awareness and understanding of the need for change among stakeholders. Implementation will include developing and implementing strategies for recruitment, retention, and improving working conditions. Refreezing will involve embedding the changes into the organizational culture to ensure sustainability.

Short-term outcome goals of this project include an increase in the number of nursing staff, improved job satisfaction, reduced nurse turnover rates, and improved patient satisfaction scores. Long-term outcome goals include sustained improvements in nursing workforce numbers, increased patient safety, and improved patient outcomes.

To determine if the goals are met, several tools and measures will be used. These include monitoring nurse recruitment and retention rates, conducting surveys to assess job satisfaction and nurse perceptions of working conditions, and analyzing patient satisfaction scores and clinical outcomes. The data will be analyzed by a multidisciplinary team, including nurses, nursing managers, and healthcare administrators, using statistical analysis and qualitative methods.

Possible Changes and Solutions

To address the nursing shortage, several changes and solutions can be implemented. Firstly, there can be targeted recruitment efforts to attract individuals to the nursing profession. This can include outreach programs in schools and communities, scholarships and financial incentives for nursing education, and mentorship programs for aspiring nurses.

In addition, efforts can be made to improve working conditions and job satisfaction among nurses. This can include providing flexible work schedules, adequate breaks, and opportunities for professional growth and development. Collaborative practices, such as interprofessional education and team-based care, can also be promoted to improve communication and collaboration among healthcare team members.

These changes are supported by existing literature on nursing shortage interventions. Studies have shown that effective recruitment and retention strategies, along with improved working conditions, can lead to increased nurse satisfaction, reduced turnover rates, and improved patient outcomes.

Benefits to the Institution

Implementing these changes and solutions will bring several benefits to the institution. Firstly, addressing the nursing shortage will improve the quality and safety of patient care by ensuring adequate staffing levels and improved nurse-patient ratios. This can lead to better patient outcomes, reduced healthcare costs, and improved patient satisfaction.

Furthermore, attracting and retaining nurses will enhance the institution’s reputation and competitiveness in the healthcare market. A strong nursing workforce can also contribute to a positive work environment, increased employee morale, and improved organizational culture.


In conclusion, the nursing shortage is a critical issue in healthcare that requires urgent attention. By implementing targeted strategies for recruitment, retention, and improving working conditions, healthcare institutions can address the nursing shortage and improve patient care. Using Lewin’s Change Theory as a framework for the change process, the project aims to achieve short-term and long-term outcome goals, supported by evidence-based literature. By involving key stakeholders, monitoring outcome measures, and analyzing data, the success of the project can be assessed, and necessary adjustments can be made to ensure sustainability.