Nursing students often get stuck while choosing the right topic to write for their research paper assignment. Many students manage to choose a health topic that is both interesting and informative. However, they may face challenges when actually writing their research paper. This guide aims to help this kind of student. Another objective of this article is to guide nursing students who are wondering if ADHD causes and treatment is a good topic to write about. This means it will not only discuss on the types of ADHD but will also discuss on ADHD causes and treatment. In short, this article explains how to write a nursing research paper on ADHD causes and treatment.
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What is ADHD?
ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is a complex chronic condition that affects millions of children and often continues into adulthood. This brain disorder impacts approximately 11% of children and 5% of adults in the United States. ADHD is a developmental impairment of the brain’s executive functions. This means people with ADHD have trouble with impulse-control, focusing, and organization.
The three types of ADHD.
There are three types of ADHD that were identified by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. These three types are namely:
1. Primarily hyperactive-impulse ADHD.
People with this type of ADHD tend to have little impulse control. They are impulsive, impatient, and interrupt others.
2. Primarily inattentive ADHD.
People with primarily inattentive ADHD have difficulty focusing, finishing tasks, and following instructions. They get easily distracted and are forgetful.
3. Primarily combined ADHD.
A person with this type of ADHD displays a mixture of all the symptoms outlined above.
What are the symptoms of each type of ADHD?
There are nine symptoms that suggest ADHD – Primarily inattentive and nine that suggest ADHD -Primarily Impulsive.
An individual may be diagnosed with ADHD if:
- They exhibit six to nine of the symptoms of either ADHD subtype.
- These symptoms are noticeable for at least six months in two or more different settings.
- Some of these symptoms must have been apparent before age 12.
- These symptoms must interfere with the individual’s functioning or development.
What are the nine symptoms of primarily inattentive ADHD?
- Often fails to pay close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork.
- Has trouble staying focused on tasks and play.
- Often seems not to listen even when spoken to directly.
- Often has difficulty following through instructions and fails to finish schoolwork and chores.
- Has trouble organizing tasks and activities.
- Often avoids or dislikes tasks that require focused mental effort such as homework.
- Often loses items needed for tasks and activities.
- Easily distracted.
- Often forgets to do some daily activities or chores.
What are the nine symptoms of primarily impulsive ADHD?
- Often fidgets with or taps hands or feet or squirms in seat.
- Leaves seat in situations when remaining seated is expected.
- Often runs or climbs in situations where it is inappropriate.
- Often unable to engage in leisure activities quietly.
- Talks too much.
- Often blurts out answers, interrupting the questioner.
- Has difficulty waiting for their turn.
- Often interrupts or intrudes on other’s conversations, games or activities.
What causes ADHD?
Although the causes of ADHD are not yet clear, medical researchers and other involved individuals are putting more effort into doing research. Factors suspected to cause ADHD to include:
- Problems with the central nervous system at important moments of development.
What are the risk factors for ADHD?
Risk factors for ADHD include:
- Blood relatives with ADHD or another mental disorder.
- Exposure to environmental toxins like lead which is mostly found in paint and pipes of old buildings.
- Maternal drug use.
- Premature birth.
What are the complications that can result from ADHD?
- Children often struggle in classrooms which can lead to
- Children with ADHD tend to have more accidents and injuries than children without ADHD.
- Often children with ADHD tend to have low self-esteem.
- Children with ADHD face difficulty interacting with others.
- Children suffering from ADHD are at a higher risk of alcohol and drug abuse.