An important role of nursing is to provide health promotion and disease prevention. Review the topics and related objectives provided on the Healthy People 2030 website. Choose a topic of interest that you would like to address, in conjunction with a population at-risk for the associated topic. Submit the topic and associated group to your instructor for approval. Create a 15-20 slide PowerPoint presentation for your topic and focus group. Include speaker notes and citations for each slide, and create a slide at the end for References. Address the following: Cite at least three peer-reviewed or scholarly sources to complete this assignment. Sources should be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and public health content. Refer to the resource, “Creating Effective PowerPoint Presentations,” located in the Student Success Center, for additional guidance on completing this assignment in the appropriate style. While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

Title: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention for Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in Older Adults

Introduction:
Nursing plays a vital role in health promotion and disease prevention. One area of focus is Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (DMT2), a chronic condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide. This presentation aims to address the topic of DMT2 in conjunction with the population at-risk—the older adults. By exploring the objectives outlined in the Healthy People 2030 website, we can identify specific targets and strategies to promote health and prevent the onset of DMT2 in this vulnerable population.

I. Background:
A. Definition and Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2:
– DMT2 defined as a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood glucose levels
– Prevalence of DMT2 in older adults and associated health complications

B. Aging and Diabetes Mellitus Type 2:
– Age-related changes in glucose metabolism and insulin resistance
– Older adulthood as a risk factor for developing DMT2

II. Healthy People 2030 Objectives:
A. Objective 1: Increase awareness and screening of DMT2 in older adults:
– Strategies to raise awareness among healthcare providers and older adults
– The importance of early detection and diagnosis

B. Objective 2: Promote healthy lifestyles among older adults to prevent DMT2:
– Encouraging regular physical activity and exercise tailored to older adults
– Promoting a well-balanced diet and weight management

C. Objective 3: Enhance access to preventive healthcare services for older adults at risk of developing DMT2:
– Facilitating regular check-ups, screenings, and vaccinations
– Addressing barriers to access, such as transportation or financial constraints

III. Strategies for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in Older Adults:
A. Health Education:
– Providing educational materials on DMT2, risk factors, and prevention strategies
– Offering group educational sessions on healthy lifestyle behaviors

B. Physical Activity:
– Tailoring exercise programs to the needs of older adults, considering mobility and fitness levels
– Incorporating different types of physical activity, such as aerobic exercises, strength training, and flexibility exercises

C. Nutrition:
– Promoting a well-balanced diet rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins
– Educating older adults about portion control and the importance of food choices

D. Medication Management:
– Ensuring proper adherence to prescribed medications to manage DMT2
– Encouraging regular visits to healthcare providers for medication reviews

IV. Challenges and Barriers:
A. Age-related factors:
– Cognitive impairments and difficulties in understanding complex health information
– Physical limitations that may affect exercise and dietary changes

B. Socioeconomic factors:
– Limited financial resources affecting access to healthy food options and healthcare services
– Inadequate health literacy and limited access to health education materials

V. Conclusion:
In conclusion, the prevention of DMT2 in older adults requires a multifaceted approach that includes health education, promoting physical activity, adopting a healthy diet, and medication management. By addressing the objectives outlined by Healthy People 2030, healthcare providers can contribute to reducing the prevalence and complications of DMT2 in this high-risk population. By implementing evidence-based strategies, nurses can effectively promote health and prevent disease in older adults with DMT2.

References:
1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2020. Retrieved from [Insert Reference]
2. Healthy People 2030. (n.d.). Diabetes Objectives. Retrieved from [Insert Reference]
3. American Diabetes Association. (2021). Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes – 2021. Retrieved from [Insert Reference]