Writing a research paper on antibiotic resistance can be quite frustrating. As a nursing student, you are required to possess good research skills. These skills play a vital role in finding information about antibiotic resistance. On the other hand, the nursing student should have good academic writing skills. A paper written by a student who has adhered to academic writing principles will fetch good marks without a doubt. Academic writing skills enable students and researchers to present their ideas or arguments in a professional way. The student should also ensure to follow the guidelines provided by the instructor in order to ace in an antibiotic resistance research paper.
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What is antibiotic resistance?
Imagine a future world where a case of tonsillitis is life-threatening. Your child is sick and is getting worse by the day but there is nothing their doctor can do because antibiotics, which once would have saved them, no longer work. This is worrying and what is more worrying is the fact that this scenario may become a reality if we keep on misusing and overusing antibiotics like we are currently doing. This is why the World Health Organization claims that antibiotic resistance is the biggest threats to human health today.
There are two main kinds of germs: bacteria and viruses. Antibiotics are drugs used to treat infections caused by bacteria but do not treat infections caused by viruses like flu. Antibiotic resistance happens when bacteria change to protect themselves from an antibiotic. When this happens, antibiotics that previously would have killed the bacteria or stopped them from multiplying no longer work. In other words, antibiotic resistance means that bacteria have changed and cannot be killed by antibiotics.
How does antibiotic resistance occur?
The human body has a lot of bacteria. Some are drug-resistant bacteria or may become drug-resistant after exposure to an antibiotic. The antibiotic drug kills the bacteria that intends to cause an illness, but may also kill good bacteria that protect the body from illness. The drug-resistant bacteria continue to live and grow inside the body. The drug-resistant bacteria may also pass along drug-resistance to other bacteria. Moreover, the drug-resistant bacteria may therefore cause diseases, which will be difficult to treat.
What are some of the characteristics of antibiotic-resistant infections?
Infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria are different from other infections. These are some of the characteristics of antibiotic-resistant infections:
- They are often harder to treat.
- May cost a lot of money to treat.
- They may last longer.
- Often make your child sicker.
- They can be deadly.
How to protect yourself and your child.
You can keep yourself and your child protected by talking to your caregiver about how best to treat certain kinds of illnesses and infections. Here are some actions you can take:
- You should not take or give your child antibiotics for illnesses caused by viruses like flu and cold.
- Ask your doctor why you or your child does or does not need antibiotics. If your doctor recommends it is not necessary to give antibiotics, there is a good reason for that. Don’t pressure your doctor for antibiotics but you should instead ask for the best treatment of your child’s infection.
- If your child’s doctor recommends watchful waiting, ask the doctor if watchful waiting is right for your child. Watchful waiting means waiting a few days to see if the child gets better before deciding to prescribe antibiotics.
- Ask about the possible side effects of the antibiotics.
- Throw leftover antibiotics away.
- Never save antibiotics for future illnesses.
- Don’t give your child antibiotics prescribed for others.
- Never share antibiotics with others.