The Calgary Family Assessment Model (CFAM) was developed by nurse/family therapists in the Faculty of Nursing at the University of Calgary. The Calgary Family Assessment Model (CFAM) is a family assessment technique that is integrative. CFAM blends developmental, structural, and functional components of family functioning to provide a clear framework for intervention conceptualization. Following classes use CFAM as a framework for students to arrange their future study and investigation of family therapy ideas. Using CFAM or a comparable paradigm allows a family therapist to conceive interventions and focus them appropriately: at the relationship, interaction, or situation level.
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Nursing students are supposed to have learned the following upon finishing a CFAM course:
- The student is expected to use the Calgary Family Assessment Model as a framework for conceptualizing family functioning and organizing interventions.
- Learners should be able to incorporate client information to develop a systemic case conceptualization.
- The nursing student should be able to design a treatment plan based on a comprehensive systemic and clinical treatment plan.
CFAM provides a complete framework for hypothesizing what goes on in families. CFAM integrates ideas from several models’ family assessment. Most importantly, CFAM helps the student to organize how he or she thinks about the diverse range of family therapy theories that they are taught.
What is Calgary Family Assessment Model?
The Calgary Family Assessment Model (CFAM) is a comprehensive and multidimensional template for assessing families that is used by nurses. CFAM starts with a nurse visiting the family to gather insight into how the family is functioning at the moment. The nurse is able to analyze and detect any problems by interviewing the family.
The Calgary family assessment model has 3 categories. Each of these categories contains several subcategories that allow the nurse to examine all aspects of a family’s functioning.
The 3 Categories of Calgary Family Assessment Model.
The following are the 3 categories of the Calgary family assessment model:
- Structural Assessment.
- Developmental Assessment.
- Functional Assessment.
Under structural assessment, we have the following sub-categories:
- External structure
- Internal structure
For example, after assessing a family by using questionnaires, you can grade the level of a family as structurally strong if they have managed to stay together in the same household.
Under this category of the Calgary family assessment model, we have the following sub-categories:
Under functional assessment of the Calgary family assessment model, we have the following sub-categories:
- Instrumental functioning.
- Expressive functioning.
- emotional communication
- verbal communication
- nonverbal communication
- circular communication
- roles beliefs
Benefits of Calgary Family Assessment Model.
The following are some of the benefits of using a Calgary Family Assessment Model:
- It enables health care specialists to assess the overall well-being of a family.
- It enhances a functional estimation of a family.
- The Calgary family assessment model provides guidelines on how to improve the core functioning of a family.
- It is used as a framework to enable students to organize their learning and exploration of family therapy theories.
- It enables healthcare specialists to conceptualize family functioning and to devise a treatment plan based on an inclusive and clinical treatment plan.
- CAFM allows nurses to assess present family strengths, resources, challenges, and sickness suffering extensively by asking focused questions on family structure, growth, and function
- Calgary assessment family model allows the health care practitioner to choose which category is the most relevant to a certain family thus enabling him or her to incorporate advanced practice.
- Since the Calgary assessment family model acts just as a template for both general and clinical practice, it allows the nurse practitioner to extend their assessment questionnaire within the different categories provided as they increase their skills in the practice of family care.
To conclude, we have seen that a Calgary Assessment Family Model (CAFM) offers a multi-faceted framework for conceptualizing what goes on in families. CAFM incorporates ideas from several models’ family assessments. Most importantly, CFAM helps the student to organize how he or she thinks about the diverse range of family therapy theories that they are taught.