DNP-837A: curriculum design and assessment course concentrate on curriculum design and assessment of student learning outcomes in nursing education. Learners studying this course examine best practices for curriculum development, including performing needs assessments, writing learning objectives, and creating formative and summative assessments. Additionally, learners also consider a selection of content and instructional strategies based on diverse student needs and collecting and employing assessment data to improve teaching and learning outcomes. Learners integrate the educational leadership competencies through the completion of education practicum hours during this course.
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What is the curriculum?
The curriculum in education refers to the lessons and academic content taught in school or in a specific course or program.
What is the difference between curriculum design and curriculum development?
Curriculum design is the cautious organization of course activities and delivery within a classroom.
On the other hand, curriculum development encompasses implementing different instructional strategies and organizational methods focused on achieving optimal student development and student learning outcomes.
When designing a course/program, the nurse educators identify the following:
- Learning objectives
- Timely and relevant bridge-ins
- Course content and readings
- Both low- and high-stakes assessments
The 3 types of curriculum design.
Subject-centered curriculum design revolves around a particular subject and tends to focus on the subject rather than on the student. Since this model is not student-centered, it is less concerned with individual learning styles compared to other forms of curriculum design. Therefore, this may lead to issues with student engagement and motivation which may cause the students to be less-responsive thus falling behind.
Unlike the subject-centered curriculum design, a learner-centered design revolves around the student’s needs, interests, and goals. Most importantly, it admits that is not uniform but individuals. Thus, it is standardized and aims to empower learners and shape their education through choices.
A problem-centered curriculum design teaches students how to look at a problem and formulate a solution. Thus, a problem-centered curriculum design helps students to engage in authentic learning because they are exposed to real-life issues and skills which are applicable in real-world scenarios.
Factors to consider when designing your own curriculum model.
The following are the factors that you should consider when designing your curriculum model:
- Before your lesson, reflect on your learning objectives and source meaningful content
- During your lesson, administer relevant formative assessments to gauge pre-existing and current. That is, understanding of course concepts.
- After your lesson, determine what students have learned by facilitating summative assessments.
Benefits of curriculum design and development.
I. Achievement of educational aims.
Simply defining the aims of education is pointless. However, when combined with well-planned efforts to achieve the aims of education it can produce great results.
II. Criteria of suitable teachers.
The curriculum shows what types of teachers are required in the learning institutions. Most importantly, it helps us to know what type of work they are required to do and this is according to the requirements of the curriculum.
III. Selection of suitable methods.
The curriculum aids the teacher to select suitable methods of teaching.
IV. Reflects trends in education.
Typically, the curriculum will reflect the trends in education since it is a means to achieve the aims of education which are dynamic and go on changing with the changing social requirements.
Some of the demands that modern education places on curriculum include:
Providing Suitable Knowledge.
The curriculum should include suitable knowledge which will help in the achievement of aims of education.
Providing Suitable Activities and Experiences.
The curriculum comprises well-selected activities and experiences necessary for the growth of learners according to social requirements.
Providing Wholesome Influences.
Curriculum also provides wholesome school programs aimed at developing the desirable behavior patterns in the learners.