According to a recent study, in 2021 there were approximately 537 million adults (20-79 years) who were living with diabetes. The total number of people living with diabetes is projected to rise to 643 million by 2030 and 783 million by 2045. This post will guide you on how to write a successful diabetes nursing essay that is guaranteed to score high grades. [diabetes figures]
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high.
Blood glucose is your primary source of energy, and it is obtained from the foods you consume. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, aids in the transport of glucose from food into your cells for use as energy. Occasionally your body does not produce enough — or any — insulin, or it may not use insulin effectively. Glucose remains in your circulation and does not reach your cells as a result.
Having too much glucose in your blood might lead to health concerns over time. Although there is no cure for diabetes, you may take efforts to manage it and stay healthy.
Types of Diabetes.
There are 3 major types of diabetes. These types of diabetes include:
- Type 1 diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes.
Other types of diabetes include monogenic diabetes and cystic-fibrosis-related diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes.
Your body does not produce insulin if you have type 1 diabetes. Your immune system targets and kills insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. Type 1 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in children and young adults, but it can occur at any age. To stay alive, people with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day.
Type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by your body does not produce or utilize insulin well. It can strike at any age, including youth. This kind of diabetes, on the other hand, is more common in middle-aged and older adults. The most frequent kind of diabetes is type 2.
When a woman is pregnant, she may acquire gestational diabetes. This form of diabetes usually goes away once the baby is born. If you’ve experienced gestational diabetes, you’re more likely to acquire type 2 diabetes later in life. Keep in mind that type 2 diabetes may also be diagnosed during pregnancy.
Some uncommon types of diabetes are considered monogenic because they are caused by mutations or alterations in a single gene. The gene mutation is inherited from one or both parents in the majority of instances of monogenic diabetes. Sometimes a gene mutation emerges spontaneously, which means that neither of the parents carries the mutation. The majority of mutations that cause monogenic diabetes impair the body’s capacity to make insulin, a protein produced in the pancreas that aids in the body’s usage of glucose for energy.
cystic-fibrosis related diabetes.
In people with cystic fibrosis, their thick/sticky mucus induces pancreatic scarring. This scarring inhibits the pancreas’s ability to produce normal quantities of insulin. As a result, they develop insulin deficiency, much as those with type 1 diabetes. Their pancreas still produces some insulin, but not enough to keep you healthy and nourished.
Some Problems likely to affect people with diabetes.
Diabetes or lack of enough insulin may lead to the development of the following complications:
- dental disease
- nerve damage
- foot problems
- heart disease
- kidney disease
- eye problems
4 Ways of lowering your chances of getting problems associated with diabetes.
The following are some of the ways of preventing developing problems associated with diabetes:
- Diabetes can cause blood vessel damage, which can lead to heart disease and stroke. You may greatly reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke by controlling your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels, as well as not smoking.
- You can prevent hypoglycemia by following your meal plan and balancing your physical activity, food, and medicines. Testing your blood glucose regularly can also help prevent hypoglycemia.
- Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage caused by diabetes. Varied forms of nerve injury have different effects on different sections of your body. Diabetes management can help avoid nerve damage that affects your feet and limbs, as well as organs such as your heart.
- Diabetes-related kidney disease, commonly known as diabetic nephropathy, is a kind of kidney disease caused by diabetes. You can assist protect your kidneys by controlling your diabetes and maintaining healthy blood pressure.