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NUR-590: Evidence-based practice project course provides a chance for students to complete their evidence-based practice (EBP) project proposal that addresses a problem, issue, or concern in their specialty area of professional practice. Learners formerly identified a problem amenable to a research-based intervention, searched the literature, and proposed a solution. Now, during this NUR-590: evidence-based practice project course these learners are expected to study implementation considerations and various evaluation methodologies, complete the project proposal by developing a plan to implement the solution into the intended practice area, and design an evaluation plan that will assess the EBP project proposal’s intended outcome.
What is evidence-based practice in nursing?
Evidence-based practice (EBP) in nursing is a combination of research evidence, clinical expertise, and a patient’s preferences. This problem-solving approach to clinical practice encourages nurses to provide individualized patient care.
How to integrate evidence-based practice in nursing.
EBP aids nurses to determine an effective course of action for care delivery. This process involves the following five steps:
1. Plainly identify the patient problem based on accurate assessment & current professional knowledge and practice.
2. Research the literature for relevant research.
3. Evaluate the research evidence using established criteria regarding scientific merit.
4. Choose interventions and justify those with the most valid evidence.
5. Evaluate the result.
Categories of EBP.
There are four categories of research utilized in EBP. These categories are namely:
- Randomized controlled trials.
- Evidence gathered from the unit, case-control analysis of observational studies.
- Opinions from clinical experts that are supported by experiences, studies, or reports from committees.
- Personal experience.
What are the benefits of EBP for healthcare organizations?
Integration of EBP in a health care organization has numerous benefits. The primary objective of implementing evidence-based practice in healthcare is to guarantee that it brings the required change to the targeted organization. Application of EBP results in better patient outcomes which can decrease the demand for healthcare resources. Therefore, healthcare organizations can reduce their expenses.
Evaluation is crucial to determine whether the organization has successfully incorporated the changes in its operations. Thus, it is vital to apply an evaluation technique that is capable of measuring the anticipated changes in a health care setting.
Examples of EBP in nursing.
There are numerous examples of EBP in nursing. The following are some of the examples of EBP in nursing:
When patients go to a hospital for treatment, the last thing they want is a hospital-acquired infection. Thus, nurses play a vital role in helping to prevent illness before it happens by observing the evidence-based infection-control policies. This comprises keeping the healthcare environment clean, wearing personal protective clothing, using barrier precautions, and practicing correct handwashing.
Oxygen use in patients with Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
When ensuring patient health and safety, it is important that nurses adhere to evidence-based practice in nursing when it comes to giving oxygen to patients with COPD. Although some people believe that providing oxygen to these patients can result in serious issues such as hypercarbia, acidosis, or even death, the evidence-based protocol is to provide oxygen to COPD patients. Most importantly, this protocol can help prevent hypoxia and organ failure. Moreover, giving oxygen is the correct treatment based on the evidence and helps to enhance COPD patients’ quality of life and help them live longer.
Measuring blood pressure noninvasively in children.
Nurses should measure blood pressure according to evidence-based practice. This is because accurate measurements are a vital part of effective treatment. Most importantly, nurses should keep in mind that measuring blood pressure in children is a different procedure than it is for adults.
Intravenous catheter size and blood administration.
During the blood transfusion process, nurses should follow EBP when using intravenous catheters to administer blood for packed red blood cell transfusions (PRBC). Therefore, the nurses should use a smaller-gauge catheter as indicated in the protocol, which increases patient comfort.