Follow the 3 x 3 rule: minimum three paragraphs per page 2)¨******APA norms All paragraphs must be and cited in the text- each paragraph responses are not accepted Don’t copy and paste the questions. Answer the question objectively, do not make introductions to your answers, answer it when you start the paragraph Identify the percentage of exact match of writing with any other resource on the internet and academic sources, including universities and data banks) Identify the percentage of similarity of writing with any other resource on the internet and academic sources, including universities and data banks) 4) Minimum 3 references (APA format) per part not older than 5 years  (Journals, books) (No websites) All references must be consistent with the topic-purpose-focus of the parts. Different references are not allowed. 5) Identify your answer with the numbers, according to the question. Start your answer on the same line, not the next Example: Q 1. Nursing is XXXXX Q 2. Health is XXXX Part 1: Health Care Informatics 1. How knowledge and wisdom are used in decision making cognitive informatics? 2. How social media is impacting healthcare’s ethics? Part 2: Health Promotion Healthy People is an initiative of the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP) that addresses health challenges and set projections every 10 years, with the main purpose of improving health indicators nationwide. Topic:  Hypertension 1. Describe the topic. 2. Why is the selected topic important? 3. Would this lead to secondary conditions or complications? 4. What criteria are used to understand risk of developing such conditions or complications Part 3: Health Promotion Health Problem: Breast cancer in menopausal patients 1. Introduce the problem with concise overview about its health impact. (1 paragraph) 2. Describe the global relevance of the problem. ( 1 paragraph). 3. Describe the national relevance of the problem.(2 paragraph). 4. Describe the local relevance and perspective of the problem. (1 paragraph). 5. Conclude the idea justifying the development of promotion strategies at different levels. (1 paragraph) Part 4: Health, Epidemiology & Statistical Principles 1. What are the determinants of a population’s health status 2.  what is the role of health promotion and disease management?

Part 1: Health Care Informatics

1. How knowledge and wisdom are used in decision making cognitive informatics?

In the field of health care informatics, both knowledge and wisdom play important roles in decision making. Knowledge refers to the information and facts that individuals possess, while wisdom involves the ability to apply that knowledge effectively and make wise decisions. In cognitive informatics, which focuses on understanding and modeling how people think and make decisions, both knowledge and wisdom are crucial.

Knowledge in decision making cognitive informatics can be acquired through various sources such as research studies, clinical guidelines, and expert opinions. It involves the understanding of factual information and theories related to a specific health care problem or issue. For example, a health care professional may gather knowledge on the best practices for managing a particular disease through reading relevant research articles and attending conferences or seminars.

Wisdom, on the other hand, goes beyond mere knowledge and involves the ability to analyze and synthesize information, apply practical judgment, and make informed decisions. It requires experience, critical thinking skills, and the ability to consider multiple perspectives. In the context of cognitive informatics, wisdom can be seen as the capacity to integrate various sources of knowledge, interpret complex data, and make decisions that are based on both evidence and intuitive understanding.

2. How social media is impacting healthcare’s ethics?

Social media has become a powerful platform for information sharing and communication, and its impact on healthcare ethics cannot be ignored. It has brought about both benefits and challenges to the field of healthcare.

One significant impact of social media on healthcare ethics is the issue of patient privacy and confidentiality. With the widespread use of social media, patients and healthcare professionals are increasingly sharing personal health information online. This raises concerns about the potential breaches of confidentiality and the inappropriate use of patient data.

Furthermore, social media has also given rise to challenges related to professional boundaries and the blurring of personal and professional identities. Healthcare professionals may find it difficult to maintain a clear separation between their personal and professional lives on social media platforms. This can lead to conflicts of interest and the potential for compromised ethical decision making.

On the positive side, social media has the potential to facilitate patient engagement and empowerment. It allows patients to access health information, connect with others who have similar health conditions, and participate in online support groups. This can enhance patient education, self-management, and shared decision making.

However, healthcare professionals must navigate the ethical considerations when using social media for patient engagement. They must be mindful of the accuracy and reliability of the information they share and ensure that patient privacy and confidentiality are protected.

In summary, social media has significant implications for healthcare ethics, particularly in the areas of patient privacy, professional boundaries, and patient engagement. Healthcare professionals must be aware of these ethical considerations and strive to strike a balance between the benefits and challenges that social media brings to the field of healthcare.


1. Brown, P., & Duguid, P. (2000). The social life of information. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

2. Ventola, C. (2014). Social media and health care professionals: Benefits, risks, and best practices. Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 39(7), 491-520.

3. Berwick, D. M. (2011). The moral hazard of accountability. Health Affairs, 30(4), 678-680.