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What is a Nursing Care Delivery Model?
Nursing care delivery models are also referred to as care delivery systems/patient care delivery models. A nursing care delivery model explains how a healthcare worker or a nurse is going to perform what tasks, who is responsible, and who has the authority to make decisions.
Generally, nursing care delivery systems are designed so that the number and types of caregivers are well-matched to provide better quality patient care by ensuring they work in the cost-effective way possible.
Types of Functional Nursing Care Delivery Models.
There are 4 classic functional nursing care delivery systems that are used in the health care sector. These 4 nursing care models include:
- Total patient care.
- Case management.
- Team nursing.
- Primary nursing
While these 4 are the main models being used, some other models have emerged such as telehealth nursing.
In this article, we are going to discuss how a nursing student can write a successful functional nursing essay that will score high grades.
So, let’s start by asking ourselves what is functional nursing? …
Functional Nursing Definition.
Functional nursing refers to a nursing model that emphasizes efficiency and getting as many tasks as possible done in the shortest time. Therefore, functional nursing is task-oriented as it involves assigning a particular nursing function to a specific nurse.
Generally, functional nursing is used in healthcare facilities that do not have enough registered nurses.
In functional nursing, the head/nurse manager assigns functions to other nurses who perform nursing tasks to all the patients in a unit.
Advantages of Functional Nursing.
The functional nursing model has merits and demerits.
The following are some of its benefits:
- It helps nurses to complete their work in the shortest time possible.
- Functional nursing ensures nurses gain skills faster.
- Functional nursing improves the efficiency of a nurse in providing nursing care.
- It promotes teamwork among the health workers.
It helps nurses to complete their work in the shortest time possible.
In functional nursing, the nurse leader assigns each task to a specific nurse thus employing division of labor. This method ensures that each nurse is assigned to a task in which he/she is most efficient. This reduces redundancy and teamwork in nursing. Therefore, by employing this method, the nurses are able to complete the workload assigned to them in a shorter period of time compared to other models.
Functional nursing ensures nurses gain skills faster.
Someone once said that to master a skill requires 10,000 hours of relentless practice. In the case of functional nursing, a nurse is assigned a specific task that he/she performs repetitively. Due to this constant repetition of the same task, after some time they can do the task instinctively. Thus, functional nursing enables nurses to work faster because they are able to gain new skills faster. Additionally, nurses also gain other important skills such as interpersonal skills, assertiveness, management skills, and communication skills.
In short, when using functional nursing, nurses are able to provide better quality care in shorter periods of time. This is because they are not confused about their responsibilities and they gain knowledge and improve their skills while doing their tasks.
Functional nursing improves the efficiency of a nurse in providing nursing care.
Functional nursing is most efficient in health care facilities that do not have enough registered nurses.
In this kind of workplace, division of labor ensures that the supplementary workers (the workers who are not highly skilled) work on the tasks that do not require expertise like admitting and discharging patients while skilled registered nurses are assigned to work on the complex tasks.
This ensures that the healthcare facility maintains high-quality of patient care even when nurses are not enough. Additionally, it makes it possible for hospitals to use lower operating costs and still work within the labor-market constraints.
It promotes teamwork among the health workers.
Functional nursing involves assigning individuals with specific expertise certain tasks which promotes healthy team ethic. Additionally, functional nursing requires all workers to work together while accomplishing their assignments. This builds trust and confidence while promoting teamwork amongst the workers.
Disadvantages of Functional Nursing.
Functional nursing has several advantages, especially to healthcare facilities that don’t have enough work personnel. However, functional nursing also has its disadvantages.
The following are some demerits of functional nursing:
- Functional nursing may hinder the provision of holistic care.
- It may affect patient-nurse relationships.
- It may limit the growth of registered nurses.
- Functional nursing may affect the nurses’ morale. Eg. By allocating them basic medical tasks and teaching them new skills.