According to WHO estimates, in 2016 39% of adults aged 18 years and over (39% of men and 40% of women) were overweight. Additionally, about 13% of the world’s adult population (11% of men and 15% of women) were obese in 2016. These figures show how obesity has become a common thing in our modern society. Obesity has many negative effects on people. Thus, obesity is a worldwide healthc disaster that needs to be solved. As a nursing student, your instructor will probably ask you to write a nursing essay on health promotion strategies for obesity. This post will explore how to write health promotion strategies for obesity nursing essay that can score high marks.
Let’s start by defining what is obesity …
What is Obesity?
Obesity is a complicated condition characterized by an excess of body fat. It is a medical problem that increases the risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain cancers.
The world Health organization defines obesity in 2 ways, obesity for adults and obesity for children.
Obesity in Adults.
For adults, overweight is having a BMI greater than or equal to 25 while obesity is having a BMI greater than or equal to 30.
Obesity in Children:
Under 5 years of age.
For children under 5 years of age, overweight is weight-for-height greater than 2 standard deviations above WHO child growth standards median while obesity is weight-for-height greater than 3 standard deviations above WHO child growth standards median.
Between 5-19 years of age.
For children between 5-19 years of age, being overweight is having BMI-for-age greater than 1 standard deviation above the WHO Growth Reference median while obesity is having a BMI greater than 2 standard deviations above the WHO Growth Reference median.
Causes of Obesity and Overweight.
Obesity develops when you consume more calories than you burn via typical everyday activity and exercise, despite genetic, behavioral, metabolic, and hormonal variables. These extra calories are stored as fat by your body.
Risk Factors of Obesity.
The following are some of the risk factors of obesity and overweight:
- Family inheritance or influences. – genes from your parents can affect how you convert food into energy and how fat is distributed. Additionally, genes also affect how your body regulates your appetite and how your body burns calories during exercise.
- Inactivity – Inactivity or lack of exercising means that you are not burning calories which can result to obesity.
- Liquid calories. – Calories taken from liquids such as alcohol may cause weight gain. This is because we take large amounts of liquids without feeling full.
- Unhealthy diet. – Taking junk foods that have a lot of calories may lead to weight gain.
- Certain diseases and medications. – Medical problems such as arthritis may lead to inactivity which can lead to weight gain.
- – Hormonal changes take place as you age. These changes may lead to a less active lifestyle which can lead to weight gain.
- Social and economic issues. – Having no money to buy healthier foods may lead to obesity since people eat junk foods that have large amounts of calories.
- Quitting smoking. – People often eat food to cope with withdrawal symptoms of smoking. This may lead to weight gain and later obesity.
- – Stress often affects mood which may cause people to seek high-calorie foods that lead to weight gain.
- – after giving birth, mothers often find it difficult to lose fat gained during pregnancy. This can lead to obesity in women.
- Lack of sleep. – lack of sleep may trigger hormonal changes which can increase your appetite leading to weight gain.
10 Health Promotion Strategies to Control Obesity.
The following are the health promotion strategies that can be used to control obesity in different age groups:
- Engaging in physical exercises.
- Drinking water.
- Healthy eating.
- Reducing screen time. This encourages people who often live a sedentary life to take on other physical activities.
- Teaching and modeling healthy and positive attitudes toward food and physical activity without emphasizing body weight. In other words, practicing paternalism in nursing with a goal of promoting healthy living habits.
- Planning sensible food portions to avoid taking in excess calories.
- Involving children in planning, shopping, and preparing meals.
- Discouraging eating meals or snacks while watching TV. Eating in front of the TV may make it difficult to pay attention to feelings of fullness and may lead to overeating.
- Making the most of snacks. Continuous snacking may lead to overeating. Parents can plan healthy snacks at specific times which reduces taking in excess calories from snacks.