PUB-200: health promotion and disease prevention course incorporate principles of human health and disease, health education and promotion, and a consideration of how public health professionals promote a culture of health through engaging and empowering individuals and communities to choose healthy behaviors and reduce their risks for disease. Through an examination of the core functions and goals of public health, levels of prevention, social determinants of health, and the theoretical contexts of health behaviors, students begin to understand the cultural context for health promotion and the complexities involved in promoting and protecting public health.
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What are health promotion and disease prevention?
Health promotion and disease prevention programs usually concentrate on keeping people healthy. In addition to focusing on keeping people healthy, health promotion also aims to engage and empower individuals and communities to choose healthy behaviors and make changes that reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases and other morbidities.
What is health promotion?
According to the World Health Organization, health promotion enables people to increase control over their own health. It comprises a wide range of social and environmental interventions that benefit and protect individual people’s health and quality of life. Health promotion achieves this by addressing and preventing the primary causes of ill health, not just concentrating on the treatment and cure.
Ways in which health promotion is delivered in a universal child and family health service.
The following are the ways in which health promotion is delivered in a universal child and family health service:
- The provision of information to parents through written or audio-visual resources.
- A discussion between the worker and the family, or demonstration of health-promoting behavior.
- Role modeling through specifically set up groups and through experiences of other parents and community awareness activities.
What are the core service elements that are related to health promotion?
There are four core service elements related to health promotion:
- Prevention of disease, injury, and illness;
- Health education, anticipatory guidance, and parenting skill development;
- The support builds confidence and is reassuring for mothers, fathers, and carers.
- Community capacity building.
prevention of disease, injury, and illness.
Prevention of disease is a fundamental component of child and family health service provision. The combination of monitoring of child and family health while conducting preventative health activities offers opportunities for early intervention and detection and the prevention of ill-health. Disease-prevention activities include:
- promotion of breastfeeding and nutrition.
- Information about SIDS and co-sleeping
- Oral health surveillance and,
- Safety and injury prevention, for example, road safety.
Health education, anticipatory guidance, and parenting skill development.
Health education, anticipatory guidance, and parenting skill development are interrelated components of health promotion. These components may arise during individual contact with parents and carers, or in a group setting. The benefits of a group delivery include peer support and cost-effective use of resources. Moreover, health education is not only concerned with the communication of information, but also with fostering the motivation, skills, and confidence required to take action to improve health.
The support builds confidence and is reassuring for mothers, fathers, and carers.
Parents value appropriate support to aid in building confidence across key transition points such as transition to parenthood and transition to school.
Community capacity building.
Community capacity building is an essential health promotion activity vital to the achievement of the objectives of the Framework. Capacity building includes the following:
- Empowerment of individuals and groups within defined communities.
- Development of skills, knowledge, and confidence.
- Increased social connections and relationships.
- Responsive service delivery and policy-based in community-identified needs, and solutions.
- Audible community voices.
- Community involvement.
- Responsive and accountable decision-makers.
- Resource mobilization for communities in need.
What is disease prevention?
Unlike health promotion, disease prevention focuses on specific efforts aimed at decreasing the development and severity of chronic diseases and morbidities.
What is wellness?
Wellness is the attitudes and active decisions made by an individual that contribute to positive health behaviors and outcomes.