Hello, please are two tasks. Task # 1 is a Care Plan, below I attach two forms in words that must be completed. Please below I attach a document with an example of a Nursing Care Plan that will serve as a guide to make mine. Task # 2 is a Case Study that has two items and which must be answered independently. Required Textbooks and Reading Material: Touhy, Theris DNP, and Jett, Kathleen, (2018). Ebersole and Hess’ Gerontological Nursing & Healthy Aging, 5th Edition. Elsevier. ISBN: 9780323401678 Medical Diagnosis: Liver spots Age spots – also called liver spots and solar lentigines – are flat gray, brown, or black spots. They vary in size and usually appear on the face, hands, shoulders, and arms – areas most exposed to the sun. Though age spots are very common in adults older than age 40, they can affect younger people as well. True age spots are harmless and don’t need treatment, but they can look like cancerous growths. For cosmetic reasons, age spots can be lightened with skin-bleaching products or removed. However, preventing age spots – by avoiding the sun and using sunscreen – may be the easiest way to maintain your skin’s youthful appearance and to avoid these dark skin spots. 1. The nurse working at the senior center notices Mrs. Jones, a 78-year-old, crying. The nurse approaches Mrs. Jones and asks if she needs help. Mrs. Jones states “I am so embarrassed. I had another accident, and my pants are all wet. It is like I’m a baby. I never should have come to the senior center.” a. What factors may be contributing to the urinary incontinence? b. How should the nurse respond to Mrs. Jones?

Task 1: Care Plan

According to the provided information, Mrs. Jones, a 78-year-old individual, is experiencing urinary incontinence. In order to develop an effective care plan for her, it is important to consider various factors that may be contributing to her condition.

Urinary incontinence refers to the involuntary leakage of urine, which can occur due to multiple reasons. In the case of Mrs. Jones, the following factors may be contributing to her urinary incontinence:

1. Age: As individuals grow older, their bladder muscles may weaken, leading to a decreased ability to hold urine and control bladder function. This age-related change can contribute to urinary incontinence in older adults.

2. Physical Health Conditions: Various medical conditions can affect bladder function and contribute to urinary incontinence. For example, urinary tract infections, bladder stones, and certain neurological disorders can all impact the ability to control urination.

3. Medications: Certain medications can have a diuretic effect or interfere with bladder function, leading to urinary incontinence. It would be important to review Mrs. Jones’ medication regimen to identify any potential contributors.

4. Muscle Weakness: Weakening of the pelvic floor muscles, which support the bladder and urethra, can contribute to urinary incontinence. This can occur due to factors such as childbirth, surgery, or even physical inactivity.

5. Cognitive Impairment: In some cases, cognitive impairment, such as dementia, can lead to urinary incontinence. The individual may have difficulty recognizing the need to urinate or may struggle with reaching the bathroom in time.

Considering these factors, the nursing care plan for Mrs. Jones should address the underlying causes of her urinary incontinence and aim to restore or improve bladder control. The specific interventions may include:

1. Assessment and Evaluation: The nurse should conduct a thorough assessment to identify the contributing factors and severity of the urinary incontinence. This may involve physical examinations, reviewing medical history, and conducting relevant tests.

2. Education and Support: The nurse should provide education to Mrs. Jones about urinary incontinence, including its causes, available treatment options, and preventive strategies. Emotional support should also be offered to address Mrs. Jones’ feelings of embarrassment and self-consciousness.

3. Behavioral Interventions: The nurse can work with Mrs. Jones to develop a voiding schedule, which involves predetermined regular intervals for using the bathroom. This can help retrain the bladder and improve control over urinary function.

4. Pelvic Floor Exercises: The nurse can teach Mrs. Jones pelvic floor muscle exercises, such as Kegel exercises, which can help strengthen the muscles supporting the bladder and improve urinary control.

5. Medication Management: If medication-related factors are identified, the nurse should collaborate with the healthcare provider to review the medication regimen and consider adjustments or alternatives that may minimize urinary incontinence.

6. Environmental Modifications: The nurse should assess Mrs. Jones’ living environment and suggest modifications to promote easier access to the bathroom and reduce the risk of accidents.

7. Follow-up and Monitoring: Regular follow-up appointments should be scheduled to monitor the effectiveness of the interventions, make necessary adjustments, and provide ongoing support to Mrs. Jones.

Now let us move on to Task 2: Case Study

In Task 2, we are presented with a case study involving Mrs. Jones, a 78-year-old individual who is experiencing distress related to urinary incontinence. The nurse working at the senior center notices Mrs. Jones crying and approaches her to offer assistance. Mrs. Jones expresses her embarrassment regarding her incontinence and feels as if she is regressing to a child-like state.

In this scenario, the nurse’s response to Mrs. Jones should be empathetic, supportive, and focused on preserving her dignity. The following approaches can be considered:

1. Active Listening: The nurse should provide Mrs. Jones with an opportunity to express her feelings and concerns openly. By actively listening without judgment, the nurse can create a safe space for Mrs. Jones to share her emotions.

2. Validation of Feelings: It is important for the nurse to validate Mrs. Jones’ feelings of embarrassment and frustration. By acknowledging her emotions, the nurse can help Mrs. Jones feel understood and supported.

3. Reassurance: The nurse should reassure Mrs. Jones that experiencing urinary incontinence is not uncommon and that many older adults face similar challenges. This can help alleviate her feelings of isolation and self-blame.

4. Normalizing the Experience: The nurse can provide information about the prevalence of urinary incontinence in the older adult population, emphasizing that it is a normal consequence of aging for many individuals.

5. Education: The nurse should educate Mrs. Jones about the possible causes of urinary incontinence and the available treatment options. By providing accurate information, the nurse can empower Mrs. Jones to take an active role in managing her condition.

6. Support and Resources: The nurse should offer Mrs. Jones information about support groups, community resources, and healthcare professionals who specialize in geriatric care and urinary incontinence. This can provide Mrs. Jones with additional avenues for assistance and advice.

By implementing these strategies, the nurse can create a therapeutic environment that promotes Mrs. Jones’ emotional well-being and encourages her to seek appropriate care and support for her urinary incontinence. The nurse should continue to monitor Mrs. Jones’ progress and provide ongoing support throughout her care journey.