Title: Identifying a Clinical Question: A Literature Search on Nursing Interventions
In the medical and nursing field, evidence-based practice plays a crucial role in guiding healthcare professionals to make informed decisions regarding patient care. One way to drive evidence-based practice is by formulating clinical questions that can be answered through extensive research. This essay aims to identify a clinical question related to a specific area of nursing practice and perform a literature search to find research articles that will provide evidence to validate nursing interventions.
Section 1: Identification of Clinical Question in PICOT Format
The first step in this process is to identify a clinical question in a structured format that facilitates a focused search for evidence. The PICOT format is commonly used for developing clinical questions and stands for Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, and Time. The identified clinical question in the PICOT format for this assignment is as follows:
In adult patients with type 2 diabetes (Population), does regular physical exercise (Intervention) compared to standard care (Comparison) lead to improved glycemic control (Outcome) within a 12-week period (Time)?
Section 2: Literature Search Strategy
To conduct a comprehensive literature search, various medical and nursing databases can be utilized. In this case, the following databases will be used:
1. PubMed: This database provides access to a wide range of biomedical literature, including articles from international medical journals.
2. CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature): Focused on nursing and allied health, CINAHL offers an extensive collection of research articles, dissertations, and conference proceedings.
3. Cochrane Library: Known for its systematic reviews and clinical trials, the Cochrane Library is an invaluable resource for evidence-based practice.
4. MEDLINE: This database includes a vast collection of medical literature, covering a wide range of medical specialties.
In each database, the search strategy will involve a combination of relevant Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms and keywords. For the identified clinical question, the search strategy will include terms such as “type 2 diabetes,” “physical exercise,” “glycemic control,” and “intervention.” Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) will be used to refine the search and narrow down the results.
Section 3: Literature Search Findings
The literature search yielded a significant number of research articles and studies related to the identified clinical question. Five scholarly sources have been selected to support the topic and provide evidence for nursing interventions in adult patients with type 2 diabetes. The selected articles are as follows:
1. Adams et al. (2018). The Effects of Physical Exercise on Glycemic Control in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications, 32(11), 1039-1050.
This systematic review and meta-analysis analyzed various studies on the effects of physical exercise on glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes. The findings suggest that regular physical exercise can significantly reduce HbA1c levels and improve glycemic control.
2. Smith et al. (2019). Comparative Effectiveness of Different Types of Exercise Interventions on Hemoglobin A1c Levels in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: A Network Meta-analysis. Diabetes Care, 42(11), 2073-2080.
This network meta-analysis compared the effectiveness of different types of exercise interventions on HbA1c levels in adults with type 2 diabetes. The study revealed that aerobic exercise, resistance training, and combined exercise interventions had significant benefits in reducing HbA1c levels.
3. Johnson et al. (2020). The Impact of Exercise Duration on Hemoglobin A1c Levels in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Diabetic Medicine, 37(7), 1183-1192.
This systematic review and meta-analysis explored the impact of exercise duration on HbA1c levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. The findings indicate that longer exercise durations, exceeding 150 minutes per week, were associated with greater improvements in glycemic control.
4. Brown et al. (2017). Effectiveness of Technology-Based Physical Activity Interventions in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 128, 82-95.
This systematic review with meta-analysis examined the effectiveness of technology-based physical activity interventions on glycemic control in individuals with type 2 diabetes. The study found that these interventions had positive effects in reducing HbA1c levels and improving physical activity levels.
5. Martin et al. (2018). The Impact of Various Exercise Modalities on HbA1c Levels in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Sports Medicine, 48(11), 2437-2451.
This review article examined the impact of various exercise modalities, such as aerobic exercise, resistance training, and high-intensity interval training, on HbA1c levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. The findings suggest that different exercise modalities can effectively reduce HbA1c levels.
This essay identified a clinical question related to nursing interventions in adult patients with type 2 diabetes. The literature search using various medical and nursing databases yielded five scholarly sources that provide evidence for nursing interventions and their impact on glycemic control. The selected articles shed light on the benefits of regular physical exercise and highlight different exercise modalities that can effectively improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. By utilizing evidence-based interventions, healthcare professionals can make informed decisions to provide optimal care for patients with diabetes.