Psychology is a broad discipline that encompasses both a person’s mental and behavioral elements. Psychology may be used in any profession, although few rely on it as much as nursing. It has tremendous importance in nursing practice.
A Brief History of Psychology.
The term “psychology” is derived from the Greek word psyche, which means “life” or “breath.” The word’s derived meanings include “soul” and “self.”
What is Psychology?
Psychology is an applied science that studies mental functioning, behavior, and collective and individual knowledge. Nursing places a high value on psychology and social psychology. While psychology is the study of individuals, their behavior, and mental processes, social psychology is the study of how social settings impact individuals’ behavior or mental states. In other words, social psychology focuses on how and why people act in the midst of social events or standards.
Types of Psychology.
- Abnormal psychology.
- Biological psychology.
- Clinical psychology.
- Abnormal psychology.
- Cognitive psychology.
- Comparative psychology.
- Developmental psychology.
- Forensic psychology.
- Personality psychology.
- Industrial-organizational psychology.
- Social psychology.
The study of aberrant behavior and psychopathology is known as abnormal psychology. This specialized area is connected to psychotherapy and clinical psychology and focuses on the investigation and treatment of a range of mental diseases.
The study of how biological processes impact the mind and behavior is known as biological psychology. It is also referred to as biopsychology. This field is closely related to neuroscience and use techniques such as MRI and PET scans to examine brain injuries or abnormalities.
Clinical psychology is concerned with the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of mental illnesses.
The study of human mental processes such as attention, memory, perception, decision-making, problem-solving, and language learning is known as cognitive psychology.
Comparative psychology is a discipline of psychology that studies animal behavior.
Developmental psychology is the study of human growth and development over a lifetime, encompassing cognitive capacities, morality, social functioning, identity, and other aspects of life.
Forensic psychology is an applied science concerned with the use of psychological research and ideas in the legal and criminal justice systems.
Personality psychology is concerned with determining how personality develops as well as the patterns of thoughts, actions, and qualities that distinguish each individual.
Industrial-organizational psychology is a branch of psychology that employs psychological studies to improve job performance and hire personnel.
Societal psychology is concerned with group behavior, social impacts on individual behavior, attitudes, prejudice, conformity, violence, and other related issues.
General Uses of Psychology.
Psychology’s most visible use is in the field of mental health, where psychologists apply concepts, research, and clinical discoveries to assist clients in managing and overcoming symptoms of mental discomfort and psychiatric disease. Among the additional applications for psychology are:
- Enhancement of performance
- Personal well-being and health
- Psychological investigation
- Making educational programs
- Advising on public policy
- Treatment for mental illness
- Understanding child development via social program design
Importance of Psychology in Nursing Practice.
Psychology has significant importance in nursing practice. The following are some of the benefits of psychology in nursing:
- Psychological understanding allows nurses to persuade patients to follow their recommendations, resulting in patients taking an active part in their own health.
- According to studies, nurses with higher psychological expertise can communicate and comprehend their patients’ mental health needs better, encouraging them to take responsibility for their own health.
- Psychological awareness can also contribute to more compassion in the workplace, which benefits patient care.
- Nurses who have studied psychology will be better able to spot when anything is wrong with a patient because they will pay close attention to what the individual says and how he or she expresses himself or herself orally and nonverbally.
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Psychology has a tremendous influence on the nursing profession. Healthcare workers especially nurses must understand psychology in order to properly treat patients and assist them with their mental health.