In collaboration with your approved course mentor, you will identify a specific evidence-based practice proposal topic for the capstone project. Consider the clinical environment in which you are currently working or have recently worked. The capstone project topic can be a clinical practice problem, an organizational issue, a quality improvement suggestion, a leadership initiative, or an educational need appropriate to your area of interest as well as your practice immersion (practicum) setting. Examples of the integration of community health, leadership, and an EBP can be found on the “Educational and Community-Based Programs” page of the Healthy People 2020 website. Write a 500-750 word description of your proposed capstone project topic. Make sure to include the following: The problem, issue, suggestion, initiative, or educational need that will be the focus of the project The setting or context in which the problem, issue, suggestion, initiative, or educational need can be observed. A description providing a high level of detail regarding the problem, issue, suggestion, initiative, or educational need. Impact of the problem, issue, suggestion, initiative, or educational need on the work environment, the quality of care provided by staff, and patient outcomes. Significance of the problem, issue, suggestion, initiative, or educational need and its implications to nursing. A proposed solution to the identified project topic You are required to retrieve and assess a minimum of 8 peer-reviewed articles. Plan your time accordingly to complete this assignment. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center. Purchase the answer to view it

Capstone Project Topic: Improving Hand Hygiene Compliance in a Hospital Setting


Hand hygiene is a crucial component of infection control in healthcare settings. It plays a significant role in preventing the transmission of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and maintaining patient safety. Hospital-acquired infections pose a substantial burden on patients, healthcare providers, and healthcare institutions. Despite the known benefits of hand hygiene, compliance rates among healthcare professionals remain suboptimal. This proposed capstone project aims to address the problem of low hand hygiene compliance in a hospital setting and explore potential solutions to improve compliance rates.

Problem Statement:

The problem at hand is the low hand hygiene compliance among healthcare professionals in a hospital setting. Hand hygiene compliance refers to the extent to which healthcare providers adhere to the recommended hand hygiene practices outlined by the World Health Organization (WHO) or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Studies have consistently shown that healthcare professionals often fail to comply with hand hygiene guidelines, ranging from inadequate handwashing technique to infrequent use of hand sanitizers or soap and water. This lack of compliance puts patients at a higher risk of acquiring HAIs, which can lead to prolonged hospital stays, increased healthcare costs, and even mortality.

Setting and Context:

The focus of this project is a tertiary care hospital with a diverse population of patients. The hospital comprises multiple units, including medical and surgical wards, intensive care units, and operating theaters. The hospital setting provides a suitable context to observe the hand hygiene practices of healthcare professionals across various disciplines, such as doctors, nurses, and other allied healthcare providers. The project will include observations in both high-risk areas, such as the intensive care units, and low-risk areas, such as outpatient clinics, to capture a comprehensive overview of hand hygiene compliance across the hospital.

Description of the Problem:

Despite the widespread recognition of the importance of hand hygiene, research consistently demonstrates suboptimal compliance rates among healthcare professionals. Factors contributing to low hand hygiene compliance include lack of knowledge, time constraints, forgetfulness, negative attitudes towards hand hygiene, and a perceived lack of consequences for non-compliance. Additionally, organizational factors such as inadequate availability of hand hygiene resources, insufficient training, and a lack of standardized protocols can further hinder compliance.

The impact of these low compliance rates is profound, affecting both the work environment and patient outcomes. In terms of the work environment, nosocomial infections can lead to increased workload for healthcare providers, the need for additional interventions, and increased healthcare costs. It can also contribute to a culture of blame and distrust among healthcare professionals. Patient outcomes are also significantly affected, with increased morbidity, mortality, and longer hospital stays associated with HAIs. Moreover, the financial burden of treating HAIs places a strain on healthcare institutions and can compromise the quality of care provided.

Significance to Nursing:

This proposed project holds significant implications for nursing practice. Nurses play a pivotal role in coordinating patient care and are in close contact with patients, making hand hygiene compliance crucial to their practice. Engaging nurses in promoting hand hygiene and improving compliance rates has the potential to reduce HAIs and improve patient outcomes. Additionally, by advocating for a culture of safety and implementing evidence-based practices, nurses can contribute to a positive work environment that values patient safety and quality care.

Proposed Solution:

To address the problem of low hand hygiene compliance, a multifaceted approach is necessary. The proposed solution includes educational interventions, increased availability of hand hygiene resources, and the implementation of monitoring systems to track compliance rates. Education and training sessions for healthcare professionals will focus on the importance of hand hygiene, proper handwashing technique, and the consequences of non-compliance. The hospital should also invest in providing easy access to hand hygiene resources, such as hand sanitizers, soap, and water, and ensure that these resources are consistently available and replenished. Lastly, implementing monitoring systems, such as covert direct observation or electronic monitoring devices, can provide real-time feedback on compliance rates, allowing for immediate interventions and performance improvement.


Improving hand hygiene compliance in a hospital setting is a critical endeavor that contributes to patient safety and quality care. This proposed capstone project aims to address the problem of low compliance rates among healthcare professionals and propose interventions to improve hand hygiene practices. By implementing education, improving resource availability, and monitoring compliance, it is possible to reduce the burden of HAIs and create a culture of safety in the hospital. This project holds significant implications for nursing practice and can have a positive impact on patient outcomes.