It is important to promote the professional role of the nurse to provide health promotion and disease preventive care. Collaborating with other health care professionals and consumer groups in the community in redesigning health care can help meet the goals for Healthy People 2020. Refer to http://www.healthypeople.gov/ to open the Healthy People 2020 home page. 1.Select the “Topics & Objectives” tab to access the 2020 Topics & Objectives – Objectives A-Z page. 2.Select one of the Healthy People “Topic Areas” for improving health. Develop a PowerPoint presentation (15-20 slides) with accompanying speaker’s notes and citations.   In the presentation, address the following: 1.State the objective of the presentation. 2.State the Healthy People 2020 focus area your group has selected and the rationale for selection of the specific focus area. 3.Explain how the focus area relates to the individual, the family, and the community, as well as to all age groups throughout the life span. 4.Identify ways to enhance or optimize health in the selected focus area using evidence-based research. A minimum of three peer-reviewed articles must be utilized. 5.Address the health disparity among different segments of the population for the selected focus area. 6.Provide a brief description of at least two community resources and at least two website resources for professionals and clients.

Title: Promoting the Professional Role of Nurses in Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

Introduction:
In the field of nursing, it is imperative to promote the professional role of nurses in providing health promotion and disease preventive care. By collaborating with other healthcare professionals and consumer groups, nurses can contribute to the redesigning of healthcare systems to meet the goals outlined in Healthy People 2020 (HP2020) initiative. This assignment aims to develop a PowerPoint presentation that addresses a selected focus area from HP2020 and explores its relationship to individuals, families, communities, and all age groups throughout the lifespan. Additionally, evidence-based research will be utilized to identify ways to enhance or optimize health in the selected focus area, address health disparities, and provide community and website resources for professionals and clients.

Objective:
The objective of this presentation is to highlight the significance of nurses in promoting health and disease prevention, with a focus on a specific topic area from HP2020.

Healthy People 2020 Focus Area – Rationale:
For this presentation, the focus area selected from HP2020 is “Tobacco Use” due to its significant impact on public health and the immense potential for prevention and intervention strategies. Tobacco use remains a critical public health issue as it contributes to the leading causes of preventable diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and respiratory disorders (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014). By addressing tobacco use, nurses have the opportunity to positively impact the well-being of individuals, families, and communities by promoting a smoke-free environment, providing cessation support, and empowering individuals to make informed choices regarding tobacco use.

Relationship to Individuals, Families, and Communities:
The focus area of tobacco use has a direct impact on individuals, families, and communities. On an individual level, tobacco use poses significant health risks, including increased vulnerability to various diseases and premature death. By addressing tobacco use, individuals can improve their overall health and quality of life. At the family level, tobacco use can affect the well-being of family members, especially children who may be exposed to secondhand smoke. By promoting tobacco cessation and creating a tobacco-free environment, nurses can contribute to the health and well-being of families. Lastly, at the community level, addressing tobacco use can lead to a reduction in healthcare costs associated with smoking-related diseases and create a healthier community overall.

Relationship to All Age Groups throughout the Lifespan:
Tobacco use is a health concern that spans across all age groups throughout the lifespan. Starting from adolescence, experimenting with tobacco use can lead to addiction and ongoing health issues. In adulthood, individuals may continue to smoke, increasing their risk for chronic diseases. Furthermore, pregnant women who smoke pose risks to both their own health and that of their unborn child. By addressing tobacco use within different age groups, nurses can play a vital role in health promotion, prevention, and intervention strategies to mitigate the health risks associated with tobacco use.

Enhancing Health in the Selected Focus Area using Evidence-Based Research:
To enhance health in the focus area of tobacco use, it is important to implement evidence-based strategies. Recent research suggests that combining pharmacotherapy with behavioral counseling interventions can significantly increase cessation rates (Silagy et al., 2004). Additionally, the use of educational campaigns, warnings on tobacco packaging, and restrictive policies on smoking in public places have shown positive effects on reducing tobacco use and promoting healthier behaviors (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014). By utilizing evidence-based research, nurses can advocate for and implement these strategies to enhance health outcomes related to tobacco use.

Addressing Health Disparities:
The focus area of tobacco use also exhibits health disparities among different segments of the population. Certain population groups, such as individuals with low socioeconomic status, racial and ethnic minorities, and individuals with mental health disorders, have been identified as having higher rates of tobacco use and lower rates of cessation (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014). Addressing these disparities requires targeted interventions, such as culturally sensitive smoking cessation programs, increased access to cessation resources, and tailored education campaigns. Nurses, as advocates for health equality, can play a crucial role in ensuring that these disparities are addressed and that every individual has access to the necessary resources and support to quit smoking.

Community and Website Resources for Professionals and Clients:
To support professionals and clients in the selected focus area, it is essential to provide relevant community and website resources. Two community resources could include local smoking cessation clinics or support groups where individuals can seek guidance and support in quitting smoking. Additionally, healthcare facilities and public health departments often offer tobacco cessation programs that can be accessed by both professionals and clients. Two website resources could include the American Cancer Society’s website, which provides comprehensive information on tobacco-related diseases and cessation resources, as well as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s “Tips from Former Smokers” campaign, providing testimonials and guidance for individuals trying to quit smoking.