LG Caring for the ethnically diverse older adult can prove to be challenging in efforts to maintain function and provide comfort. I will use an older African American male with hypertension. For this patient, the two strategies that I would implement would be diet and exercise. According to healthy people 2020, heart disease is the number 1 cause of death, and hypertension is a modifiable risk factor. African Americans use a lot of seasonings, in particular salt, and this greatly impacts their chronic illness management. I would implement a dietary education strategy that includes salt substitution, and seasoning alternatives that keep food appetizing yet healthy. Also, we must integrate healthier meal choices, and refrain from fast food, frozen meals, and  In order to maintain compliance with dietary changes and substitutions, food must taste good. Education is needed on reading food package labels and choosing lower sodium options. The second strategy will be to educate and help implement an exercise regimen. Many older adults are hesitant to exercise because they feel that it may be time consuming, but there can be ways to incorporate it in small steps through out the day. The Mayo Clinic staff states that regular physical activity makes your heart stronger to pump more blood with less effort, and the end result is decreased blood pressure. Discuss adding walking during breaks and before and after work, then increase or add an activity at intervals to create a program catered to them.

Caring for the older adult population, especially those from ethnically diverse backgrounds, can present unique challenges in terms of maintaining function and providing comfort. In this case, I will focus on an older African American male with hypertension. For this patient, two strategies that I would implement are diet and exercise, as these have been shown to be effective in managing hypertension.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death, and hypertension is a modifiable risk factor, according to Healthy People 2020. African Americans tend to use a lot of seasonings, particularly salt, which can have a negative impact on their chronic illness management. Therefore, an important aspect of the dietary education strategy would involve educating the patient on salt substitution and alternative seasonings that can keep food appetizing yet healthy. It is crucial to integrate healthier meal choices and discourage the consumption of fast food and frozen meals.

In order to maintain compliance with the dietary changes and substitutions, it is essential to ensure that the food tastes good. Education is needed on how to read food package labels to choose lower sodium options. Providing information on the benefits of reducing salt intake and the impact it can have on overall health can also be beneficial in promoting adherence to the dietary recommendations.

The second strategy would involve educating the patient on the importance of exercise and helping him implement an exercise regimen. Many older adults may be hesitant to engage in exercise due to concerns about time constraints. However, it is important to highlight the potential benefits, such as strengthening the heart and reducing blood pressure, as mentioned by the Mayo Clinic staff.

To address the time constraint concern, it could be suggested to the patient to incorporate exercise in small steps throughout the day. For example, discussing the idea of incorporating walking during breaks at work and before and after work can be a good starting point. As the patient becomes more comfortable and accustomed to this routine, further activities and exercises can be added gradually to create a personalized program that suits his abilities and preferences.

It is crucial to emphasize the potentially positive impact of regular physical activity on overall health and the management of hypertension. Providing education and support to the patient, as well as monitoring his progress and addressing any barriers or concerns, can be instrumental in motivating him to maintain an exercise regimen.

In conclusion, caring for ethnically diverse older adults, particularly those with chronic conditions such as hypertension, requires a tailored approach. For an older African American male with hypertension, implementing strategies such as dietary education on salt substitution and exercise regimens can be effective in maintaining function and providing comfort. These strategies address important modifiable risk factors and can contribute to the overall well-being of the patient. Further research and evidence-based interventions may be necessary to refine and enhance these strategies for diverse populations.