HCA 255 Many communist or socialist countries have a department that addresses public health as well as the health care of their citizens

HCA 255 Topic 6 DQ 1

Many communist or socialist countries have a department that addresses public health as well as the health care of their citizens. Research one of these programs and compare it to programs in countries that do not follow communism or socialism. Discuss the upsides and downsides to each program.

Answer:

Topic of research should be about communist or socialist countries and the department that handles their national health care program. This research could be done to discuss the advantages of such countries having a healthcare department as one of the departments under the ministries of their country or that they have a bureau that oversees the health care of their citizens.

In communist and socialist countries, government programs exist to ensure that all citizens have a certain level of access to health care. For example, in Cuba, the Hospital Nacional (National Hospital) has 2,800 beds and sees over 675,000 patients each year who don’t pay any fees for medical treatment. Even though there are indeed upsides such as low costs of care and hospital stays, the downsides are that patients are not always guaranteed timely or quality care, especially when there is a lack of medical professionals.

A basic feature of any communist or socialist country health care system is the eradication of poverty and providing even limited health care to a great majority of its people. In the Soviet Union, following the revolution which brought about communism under Vladimir Lenin, the state strove to provide widespread health care. The main method to achieve this was through the establishment of a wide network of sanatoria for sick children (including those with tuberculosis), and for workers. By 1938, more than 47,000 sanatoria were operating in the Soviet Union, capable of serving almost four million patients per year. After the Revolution, every city resident had access to free clinics and hospitals. In some colleges and universities, medical departments trained doctor assistants that could handle minor illnesses and perform medical tests in their own facilities. Other forms of medical facilities were based on an institution caring for one specific group of people, such as Finland’s military service whose hospitals specialized on treating war injuries or Japan’s special leprosy hospitals.

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Today in many countries children are required to have a certificate proving that they have been vaccinated. This is done especially in the United States and in countries which follow communism or socialism. The idea behind this is to prevent illness, especially childhood illnesses, from spreading rapidly among the population. Flu records had shown that at times when the flu is prevalent, up to 90 percent of people who catch it usually do not know they are ill until they feel very sick. During this time they can spread the illness to others. It is also more likely that important work will be missed by those who catch it, with the possible consequence being monetary loss for both individuals and businesses. Once someone has caught the flu it’s also much harder to get rid of it, as once someone has caught something (one illness or another) their immune system may react less strongly against other things in their environment. There are several ways states require proof of vaccination. One way is to require all students from certain ages (teens) or groups of people such as health care workers to take a physical (often with a blood test) every year that proves they have been vaccinated against various diseases. There are also requirements on school records which show whether a student has completed his/her vaccines before starting

Among the countries in this world, all have different health care systems. Some focus on private care and others on public care. Your first instinct would be to say public health care is better because people tend to not take as good of care of themselves due to laziness while they are trying to make money. With the prospect of not making any money, if a person gets sick, they would be much more proactive about their health. However, in public health care, everyone who is sick will infect you because there is no barrier between groups of people for protection. Private health might be worse because it divides people into one group and makes all different groups that are much harder to get along with with less overall unity. Another thing is budget. Something I don’t know how it works but socialism and communism seem to depend on the government having more money and so the government has bigger budget and resources available for healthcare than places like the United States that run off of a capitalist system where there is less emphasis on nationalized aid for healthcare since individuals can go out of their way and seek out their own insurance and ways to pay for it themselves. All in all if each system was done right most people would benefit from either system but in my opinion I am

The government provides healthcare to its citizens who live in a democratic country. The government can pass laws that provide health care for its citizens as well as fund medical research and give medical advice to limit the spread of disease. The downside is that the people may be receiving poor quality healthcare because of being spoiled, not having to pay for something and normally do not care if the system is failing them.

The People’s Republic of China has very reasonable health care. In fact, this system of medicine may be more suitable to the people than the health care system in the United States. China provides all citizens with public health care. While this sounds like a contradiction since communism is against private enterprise and wealth, in China, equal ownership of wealth has been achieved through socialism. A concrete example of this belief is their plan for health care.

An interesting system (health care and public health policies) that systems would known leading is the one with the People’s Republic of China. The 1984-1985 survey, conducted by WHRPC, showed that 98.2 percent of the rural population in 1,890 villages and rural work units were able to receive health care, particularly the information on preventative measures against diseases (Zhao 2011).

The goal of a public health department (or ministry) is to ensure that every citizen has access to adequate healthcare and prevent the spread of disease. In theory, it would appear that this is the ideal solution for all countries. However, the United States’ lack of public funding has led to problems with accessibility and affordability in upper income populations while leaving lower income populations without essential prevention and treatment because they cannot afford to pay out-of-pocket costs. The free market system allows for business owners to determine what is available for consumers, so consumer satisfaction is a primary driving factor for decision-making.

Question:

HCA 255 Topic 6 DQ 1

Many communist or socialist countries have a department that addresses public health as well as the health care of their citizens. Research one of these programs and compare it to programs in countries that do not follow communism or socialism. Discuss the upsides and downsides to each program.

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