Introduction to Musculoskeletal Assessment Nursing Essay.
In this article about musculoskeletal assessment nursing, we will guide you on how to write a successful musculoskeletal assessment nursing essay. If you want a top-quality nursing essay on musculoskeletal assessment in nursing, place your order right here.
Nurses around the world are able to provide effective nursing care by using a process called the nursing process. The nursing process is a 5 sequential steps process that serves as a systematic guide to client-centered care. These 5 sequential steps include:
- Nursing assessment.
- Nursing diagnosis.
- Implementation and
Nursing assessment is the first step in providing client-centered care. So what is a nursing assessment?
What is a nursing assessment?
Nursing assessment is the first step in the nursing process. It involves gathering information about a patient’s physiological, psychological, sociological, and spiritual status by a registered nurse.
Types of Assessments in Nursing.
There are 4 types of assessments in nursing. These include:
- Physical examination.
- Focused examination.
- Psychosocial assessment.
- Cultural assessment.
During a physical assessment, the nurse performs a physical examination on the patient. This involves observation and measurement of signs and other signs which are felt by the patient. Techniques of performing a physical assessment include palpation, inspection, auscultation, and percussion.
A psychological assessment involves an examination of intellectual health and emotional health.
Cultural assessment in nursing involves identifying factors that impede or facilitate the implementation of a nursing diagnosis. This type of nursing assessment is crucial since some cultural factors greatly impact how the nursing diagnosis will be done. Some factors of culture include:
- Ethnic origin.
- Primary and secondary language.
- The need for an interpreter.
- Religious beliefs and practices.
Example of a Nursing Assessment in Nursing.
There are many types of nursing assessments that can be performed on a patient. One example is a musculoskeletal assessment.
What is Musculoskeletal Assessment Nursing?
The musculoskeletal system consists of muscles, bones, cartilage, and joints. This is the system that provides the body with support and movement.
In short, a musculoskeletal assessment nursing involves palpation of the joints. Palpate joints and assess the temperature of the skin and the muscles.
Tips to Perform Nursing Assessment Musculoskeletal System.
- Collect information about the patient’s history.
- Collect information about symptoms and signs.
- Perform inspection of the musculoskeletal system.
- Perform palpation of the musculoskeletal system.
- Examine the range of motion of body organs of the musculoskeletal system. i.e
- Wrist, fingers, and thumb.
- Cervical spine.
- Spinal column.
- Ankle and foot.
Collect information about the patient’s history.
A patient’s medical history includes both his personal health history and family health history. A patient’s history contains details about any health problems that the patient has ever had. On the other hand, a family health history includes information about health problems that your blood relatives have had during their lifetimes.
This information is very important when performing a nursing diagnosis. It gives your doctor important clues of what is going on with your health and possible future health issues.
Collect information about symptoms and signs.
Gather information about any complaints by the patient. Major signs and symptoms associated with musculoskeletal system nursing defects include pain, swelling, stiffness, and inflammation. This pain is felt mostly in the back, neck, and joints.
Perform inspection of the musculoskeletal system in nursing.
Once you have gathered information about the patient’s complaints and symptoms, the next step involves physically examining the patient’s musculoskeletal system. Use inspection to assess the patient’s joints. Trauma can cause problems with one joint while a systematic condition causes problems with more than one joint. You should also note the patient’s movements when performing a range of movements.
N.B. All movements should be smooth.
Perform palpation of the musculoskeletal system.
After you have performed a physical examination of the musculoskeletal system, the next step involves palpation of the joints. During this step, palpate the joints and assess the temperature of the skin and the muscles. Palpate for warmth, tenderness, swelling, and masses. If there is any pain, proceed carefully.
Examine the range of motion of body organs of the musculoskeletal system. i.e
The next phase involves inspecting the organs in the musculoskeletal system. These organs include:
Assess shoulder joint for 6 different maneuvers. These movements include extension, flexion, adduction, abduction, internal rotation, and external rotation.
Examine elbow for 4 different movements. These include Extension, flexion, supination, and pronation of the forearm.
· Wrist, fingers, and thumb.
Assess extension, flexion, radial deviation, and ulnar deviation.
· Cervical spine.
Check for extension, flexion, rotation, and bending motions.
· Spinal column.
Assess the flexion, extension, lateral bending, and rotation.
Assess the flexion, extension, internal rotation, and external rotation.
· Ankle and foot.
Assess the movements of plantar flexion, dorsiflexion, inversion, and eversion.