NUR 1172 During an episode of acute exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease

NUR 1172 During an episode of acute exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease, the client is unable to tolerate oral intake. What would be an appropriate form of nutrition?

 

Answer:

 

When a client has an acute exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and is unable to tolerate oral intake, they need to be fed intravenously or enterally. Enteral nutrition is preferred because it provides a more rapid increase in caloric intake compared with IV feeding. It also avoids the risk of developing an infection if the client’s mucosal integrity has been compromised.

The goal for this type of nutrition therapy is to provide adequate calories and protein to support the client’s metabolic needs without causing fluid retention. The solution should contain sodium chloride at concentrations below 3 mEq/L; potassium chloride at concentrations between 3 and 5 mEq/L; magnesium sulfate at concentrations between 2 and 4 mEq/L; calcium gluconate at concentrations between 0.5 and 1.5 mEq/L; phosphorus gluconate at concentrations between 0.5 and 1.0 mEq/L; acetate equivalent osmolality between 240 and 320 mOsmol/kg; glucose at 20% concentration; amino acids in a balanced ratio; vitamins A, E, B1, B2, B6, B12, C (ascorbic acid), D3 (calciferol); trace

Question:

NUR 1172 During an episode of acute exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease, the client is unable to tolerate oral intake. What would be an appropriate form of nutrition?

 

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