Introduction to NURS 3020: HEALTH ASSESSMENT Course.
A NURS 3020: HEALTH ASSESSMENT course provides students with the information and skills needed to gather data for the assessment of individual health status. They acquire physical examination techniques such as inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation, which are used to evaluate main bodily systems throughout the lifespan. They acquire hands-on experience obtaining patient histories utilizing interviewing techniques and communication skills, and they study the psychological, social, and cultural components of clinical evaluation. Furthermore, students study the use of data to drive the nursing process as well as ethical norms. Students use the information and exhibit mastery of completing health evaluations through interactive simulations.
NURS 3020: Health Assessment Course Objectives:
After completing this NURS 3020 health assessment course, the nursing student is expected to have learned the following:
- You should be able to define Health Assessment
- Discuss the purpose of performing the health assessments.
- Describe the techniques used in performing the health assessment.
- Describe proper positioning for the patient
- Make environmental preparations
- The learner should be able to list the articles needed
- Most importantly, the nursing student should be able to perform systemic assessments on a patient.
What is Health Assessment?
Health assessment is an organized systematic assessment of human body which involves the use of one’s senses to determine the general physical and mental conditions of the body by collecting both subjective and objective data.
Types of Health Assessment.
The following are the main types of health assessments:
Examine each bodily system using vision, smell, and hearing to determine normal and abnormal conditions. As you evaluate each body system, look for color, size, location, movement, texture, symmetry, scents, and noises.
Palpation entails touching the patient with various regions of your hands and applying varying degrees of pressure. Keep your fingernails short and your hands warm since your hands are your tools. When palpating mucosal membranes or places in touch with bodily fluids, use gloves. Last, palpate painful locations.
Percussion is the act of fast and sharply tapping your fingers or palms against sections of the patient’s body to assist you discover organ boundaries, identify organ form and position, and decide whether an organ is solid, filled with fluid, or filled with gas.
Auscultation entails using a stethoscope to listen for various lung, heart, and bowel sounds.
Purpose of Performing Health Assessment.
Health assessment has many benefits. The following are some of the benefits of performing health assessment on patients:
- Gather baseline data about the patient’s health status
- Supplement, confirm, or refute data obtained in the history
- Confirm and identify nursing diagnoses
- Make clinical judgement about a patient’s changing health status and management
- Evaluate the outcomes of care
7 Principles of Health Assessment.
There are several principles of health assessment. Some of these principles of health assessment include:
- The information obtained should be shared with other health care professionals.
- Maintain secrecy.
- A thorough and timely health evaluation serves as the foundation for nursing care and action.
- Opt for a complete evaluation.
- Data collection, recording, and evaluation of the client’s health state should all be part of the health assessment process.
- All documentation must be objective, correct, clear, succinct, detailed, and up to date.
- It should be done in all circumstances when a nurse interacts with a client.
As we have seen, a health assessment is the evaluation of the health status by performing a physical exam after taking a health history. To better perform this exercise, the nurse should include data collection, documentation and evaluation of the client’s health status and responses to health problems and intervention.