nurse is advising a patient is who receiving codeine sulfate for pain about potential side effects. Which findings is a side effect of this medication? Hyperemesis Rhinorrhea Insomnia Constipation Excessive amounts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) act as an osmotic agent in small children and may result in which adverse reaction? Gum hyperplasia Diarrhea Cerebral Edema Hemolysis patient who is experiencing a heart attach is being prepared for alteplase recombinant (t-PA) therapy. Which observation, if identified in the patient. show contraindication fort-PA therapy? Lethargy Hematuria Dehydration Angina After performing an otoscopic exam of a child, a nurse practitioner prescribes 6.5% carbamide peroxide in propylene glycol drops for the child in which purpose? To treat infection As a disinfectant As a topical anesthetic To dissolve cerumen patient who is receiving glucocorticoid therapy is being monitored for side effects, which include Frequent tremors Buffalo hump Loss of all body hair Skin pallor patient is taking an insulin injection at 7:00 AM each day. Which instruction should a nurse include in the patient care plan? Watch for symptoms of hypoglycemia about one hour after lunch Test your blood glucose one hour after breakfast Have breakfast within thirty minutes after injection Have a snack in the mid-afternoon 6-A 5-months-old infant who weights 6.4 kg is to receive digoxin (Lanoxin) 15 mcg/kg/day as a maintenance dose. The health care professional orders the Lanoxin to be given q 12h. Based on this information, how many micrograms should a nurse administer to the child with each dose? mcg When caring for a child who is receiving prolonged high-dose ibuprofen therapy, which body system should a nurse monitor carefully Renal Endocrine Integumentary Respiratory When a patient is on oral contraceptive agent, a nurse should instruct the patient to avoid takin which medication Theophylline Vancomycin Tetracycline Trimethoprim client has a diagnosis of depression is being treated with sertraline hydrochloride. The teaching plan for this patient Adapt to impaired thermoregulation Identify recurrence of symptoms Monitor for signs of hypothyroidism Comply with a sodium-restricted diet The administration of a dose of syrup of ipecac should be withheld is a child is experiencing which manifestation? Urticaria Drowsiness Low-grade temperature Dryness of the oral mucosa health care provider prescribes atropine sulfate for each of these patients. A nurse should A 30-year-old patient who is experiencing dry mouth A 45-year-old patient who has urinary frequency A 75-year-old patient who has narrow-angle glaucoma

Potential side effects of codeine sulfate include hyperemesis, rhinorrhea, insomnia, and constipation. Codeine sulfate is an opioid analgesic used to relieve pain. It works by binding to opioid receptors in the central nervous system, leading to decreased pain perception. However, it can also have various side effects on different body systems.

Hyperemesis is a side effect of codeine sulfate that refers to excessive vomiting. It can be quite distressing for patients and may require additional medications to manage. Rhinorrhea, on the other hand, refers to a runny nose. This side effect occurs due to the effect of codeine on the respiratory system.

Insomnia, or difficulty sleeping, is another potential side effect of codeine sulfate. Opioids can affect the sleep-wake cycle and can disrupt normal sleep patterns. This can lead to sleep disturbances and daytime drowsiness.

Constipation is a well-known side effect of codeine and other opioids. Opioids slow down the movement of the digestive system, leading to decreased bowel movements and difficulty passing stool. This can be managed with lifestyle modifications, such as increasing fluid and fiber intake, as well as medication if needed.

It is important for the nurse to educate the patient about these potential side effects of codeine sulfate. They should provide information on managing and minimizing these side effects, such as maintaining adequate hydration, using stool softeners or laxatives, and discussing any concerns with their healthcare provider.

In addition to codeine sulfate, excessive amounts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) can also have adverse effects in small children. When taken in excessive amounts, ascorbic acid acts as an osmotic agent, which can lead to diarrhea. Osmotic agents draw water into the intestines, leading to loose and watery stools.

Other potential adverse reactions of excessive ascorbic acid intake in children include gum hyperplasia, cerebral edema, and hemolysis. Gum hyperplasia refers to abnormal gum growth, which can lead to discomfort and difficulty in oral hygiene. Cerebral edema refers to swelling in the brain, which can be a serious medical condition. Hemolysis occurs when red blood cells break down, leading to anemia and related symptoms.

If a patient is experiencing a heart attack and is being prepared for alteplase recombinant (t-PA) therapy, certain observations may contraindicate t-PA therapy. Alteplase recombinant is a thrombolytic medication used to dissolve blood clots and restore blood flow in patients experiencing a heart attack or stroke. However, it has certain contraindications, one of which is angina. Angina refers to chest pain or discomfort that occurs when the heart does not receive enough oxygen-rich blood. If a patient has angina, it may indicate underlying cardiac issues or compromised blood flow, making them a poor candidate for t-PA therapy.

Lethargy, hematuria (blood in the urine), and dehydration are also important observations that may indicate contraindications to t-PA therapy. Lethargy may indicate a decreased level of consciousness or impaired neurological function. Hematuria may suggest underlying kidney or urinary tract problems. Dehydration can worsen patient outcomes and increase the risk of complications during t-PA therapy. All of these observations require further evaluation and may lead to the reconsideration of t-PA therapy.

When performing an otoscopic exam of a child and finding cerumen (earwax) buildup, a nurse practitioner may prescribe 6.5% carbamide peroxide in propylene glycol drops. The purpose of these drops is to dissolve the cerumen. Carbamide peroxide works by releasing oxygen and breaking down the wax, making it easier to remove. Propylene glycol acts as a lubricant and helps to soften the cerumen, facilitating its removal.

It is important for the nurse to provide clear instructions on the proper use of the drops, including dosage, frequency, and how to administer them. The nurse should also advise the caregiver or patient on any precautions or potential side effects associated with the medication.