Writing a nursing diagnosis for asthma essay is no easy feat. Nursing students are required to do thorough research about asthma such as its symptoms, signs, causes, how to perform a nursing assessment on asthma and how to treat it. Additionally, the student is required to have good academic writing skills so as to write a successful nursing diagnosis for asthma essay.
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What is a Nursing Diagnosis?
A nursing diagnosis may be part of the nursing process, and it involves a clinical judgment about an individual, family, or community experience to potential health problems. Prior to performing a nursing diagnosis for asthma, you have to first make an assessment of the patient.
What is Asthma?
Asthma refers to a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and may produce extra mucus. This contraction and swelling may cause breathing difficulties and trigger coughing which is usually accompanied by whizzing when you breathe out and shortness of breath.
Symptoms of Asthma.
Although symptoms of asthma may vary from person to person, there are some symptoms that occur due to asthma attacks. These signs and symptoms mostly occur during these activities:
- Exercise-induced asthma.
- Occupational asthma.
- Allergy-induced asthma.
These prevalent symptoms include:
- Blockage of airways. – Normally, bands of muscles in your airways are relaxed. A patient with asthma has tighter airways which may cause difficulty breathing and shortness of breath.
- – Asthma causes swelling in your bronchial tubes which causes inflammation in your airways.
- Irritation in your airways. – People with asthma have narrow airways because of swelling and contraction of bands of muscles in the airways. This may cause irritation when the muscles come into contact even with slight triggers.
- In children, wheezing is a common sign of asthma.
- Coughing or wheezing attacks.
Causes of Asthma.
Although the main cause of asthma in some people more than others is not clear, it is probably due to a combination of environmental and genetic factors.
Some of the triggers of asthma include:
- Airborne allergens such as pollen and dust.
- Respiratory infections.
- Physical activity.
- Cold air.
- Air pollutants.
- Certain medications such as aspirin can trigger asthma attacks in some people.
- Strong emotions and stress.
Risk Factors of Asthma.
Risk factors of asthma refer to factors that increase your chance of developing asthma. Some of the risk factors of asthma include:
- Being related to a person with asthma.
- Infections like cold or flu.
- Air pollution.
- Having another allergic condition.
- Overweight and obesity.
- Smoking and exposure to second-hand smoke.
- Exposure to occupational triggers such as farming chemicals and smoke particles.
Performing a nursing diagnosis for asthma.
When you feel like you have asthma, you should immediately see your doctor. This is because asthma can become a life-threatening disease if it is not controlled properly.
The nurse starts by performing a physical examination. This may include asking questions about your medical history and your symptoms. Afterward, you will have to do tests to see how your lungs are working. Some of these tests include:
- Spirometry is a simple breathing test to measure how much air you blow out and how fast.
- Peak flow is a test that measures how well your lungs blow our air. This test is used to know when the medication is working or whether you need any other medical intervention.
- Methacholine challenge.
- Exhaled nitric oxide test.
Problems Associated with Asthma.
When asthma is not properly controlled, it can cause adverse complications such as:
- Lack of exercise causes weight gain.
- Missing work or taking time from school.
- Mental issues such as depression, anxiety, and stress.
- Loss of pregnancy or early pregnancy.
- Respiratory failure.
- Lung collapse or permanent damage to bronchial tubes in your lungs.
“Treatment” of Asthma.
Asthma has no treatment; however, it is possible to control asthma. The following are some preventive measures against asthma:
- Stay away from your triggers.
- Follow your doctor’s instructions and take medications properly.
- Keep track of your condition and learn signs that it might be getting worse.