It is difficult to keep track of the exact number of births every day around the world because not all births are recorded or registered. However, according to a study done by the United Nations (UN), around 385,000 babies are born every day around the world (140 million) a year. This number is expected to remain stable for three-quarters of this century (until 2070). With this staggering huge number of babies being born every day, it becomes essential for young people to be trained as pediatric nurses. However, these nursing students often face difficulties when writing a pediatric nursing essay.
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What is pediatric nursing?
The word, pediatrics, comes from the Greek words ‘paedia’ (child) and ‘iatrike’ (physician).
Pediatric nursing is a part of the nursing profession. It usually involves caring for neonates and children up to adolescence. Therefore, nurses who major in pediatrics devote their knowledge to caring for young ages.
Types of pediatric nurses
There are several types of pediatric nurses depending on what region they come from, individual education, experience, and individual career goals.
Some of these pediatric nurses include:
- Pediatric hematology oncology nurse
- Pediatric direct care nurses.
- Pediatric transport nurse
- Pediatric cardiac nurse
- Pediatric emergency nurse.
- Neonatal nurses.
- Pediatric intensive care unit nurse
- Pediatric home care nurse
- Pediatric pacu nurse
pediatric hematology oncology nurse
The pediatric hematology/oncology nurse cares for, manages patient care, and assists patients/families with learning about the diagnosis and treatment.
Neonatal nurses focus on working with the youngest patients. They mainly work in Neonatal intensive care units (NICU) providing care to newborns.
Some of their roles in healthcare settings include:
- Providing care and support for newborn babies delivered prematurely.
- Providing care to newborns suffering from health problems such as birth defects, infections, and heart deformities.
Pediatric emergency nurse.
Pediatric nurses are expected to provide quick responses to life-threatening situations.
Some of the key roles of pediatric emergency nurses include:
- Treatment of multifaceted trauma, injury, or illness cases without letting the patients succumb to the urgency of the situation
- Stabilizing patients
- Hurriedly diagnosing conditions and providing on-spot solutions
- Administering appropriate medications to address pain
- Upgrading skills and knowledge
- Remaining patient and caring for the traumatized families accompanying the patient
- Maintaining equanimity around patients who do not improve.
Pediatric direct care nurses.
Direct care nurses are responsible for administering procedures and medicines according to prescribed nursing care plans. They also observe vital signs and develop communication skills with children and family members. Some of their key functions include:
- Enabling collaboration between family members and health care providers to help achieve important health care decisions.
- Raising awareness of the concerns of children, parents, physical presence at times of stress.
- Helping children and family members cope.
pediatric transport nurse
A registered nurse or nurse practitioner who specializes in the care, stabilization, and transport of sick newborns to a neonatal intensive care unit.
pediatric cardiac nurse
Pediatric cardiac nurses are responsible for answering questions, completing patient assessments including monitoring of growth and nutrition, helping coordinate care, and providing education related to diagnosis, medications, procedures, and well-child care.
pediatric intensive care unit nurse
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) Nurses provide care for children and adolescents with a wide range of ailments, from common childhood diseases to life-threatening illnesses.
pediatric home care nurse
pediatric pacu nurse
Pediatric home health nurses care for medically fragile children i.e anyone from newborns to adolescents, and kids of all ages in between.
5 Principles of successful pediatric nursing.
To become successful pediatric nurses, nursing students should ensure that they have mastered the following principles:
- Open Communication with Family Members.
- Recognizing Familial Importance.
- Family and Organizational Collaboration.
- Enabling Family Members to Support Treatment.
- Encouraging Cultural Literacy.
How to perform a Pediatric nursing assessment in 6 simple steps.
Performing nursing assessments on pediatric patients can be quite difficult. This is mostly because children don’t know how to express what they are feeling.
You can use these 6 simple steps in order to perform a successful pediatric nursing assessment:
- Is the child alert, agitated, sleepy, or unresponsive in regards to their appearance?
- Is their airway open?
- How is their work of breathing?
- Do you hear any sounds from them breathing?
- What is their respiratory rate?
- Do you see an accessory muscle use?