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Let’s start by looking at the early life of Nola J Pender…
Who is Nola J Pender?
Nola J Pender was a nursing theorist who designed health promotion models. Additionally, she was an author and a professor at the University of Michigan.
Nola Pender’s Birth and Interest in Nursing.
Nola J Pender is a nursing theorist who created the health promotion model in 1982. She was born on August 16, 1941, in Lansing, Michigan. She was born to a couple who believed in educating women in our society.
When she was 7 years old, her aunt got hospitalized. This is the first encounter that Nola J Pender had with nursing care. She was moved by how the nurses cared for her sick aunt. This experience developed her interest in caring for other people. Most importantly, this situation led her to make a personal goal of helping people to care for themselves.
Nola J Pender’s Education Background.
Nola’s parents supported her throughout her education journey. Nola J Pender attended the School of Nursing at West Suburban Hospital in Oakland, Illinois where she received a diploma in nursing in 1962. She later received a Master’s degree in Human growth and development in 1965 from the same university. Afterward, she moved to North-western University in Evanston where she received a Ph.D. in psychology and education in 1969. Nola’s dissertation research was to research and determine the developmental changes in the encoding process of short-term memory in children.
She also received a master’s level in community health nursing at Rush University.
What is a Health Promotion Model?
A health promotion model records that each person has different personal characteristics and experiences that affect subsequent actions. This means that there is a connection between the set of variables of behavioral knowledge and motivational significance. Therefore, this set of variables can be modified to produce a desired behavioral outcome. This process of modifying a set of variables to produce desired behavioral outcomes is called the health promotion model. Health promotion models help to improve health, better functional ability and to enhance the quality of life at all developmental levels.
Nola Pender’s health promotion model was published in 1982 and has been updated in 1996 and 2002. Nola’s health promotion model is mostly used for nursing research, education, and practice. Additionally, application of this nursing theory and the body of knowledge that has been gathered through observation and research, nurses are in the top position to enable people to improve their well-being with self-care and positive.
Main Concepts of Health Promotion Model.
Health promotion refers to the demeanor motivated by a desire to increase well-being and actualize human health potential. In short, it’s an approach to wellness. Health protection or illness prevention is also defined as a behavior-driven desire to actively prevent illness, detect it early, or maintain functioning within illness constraints.
The following are the main concepts of the health promotion model:
- Individual characteristics and experiences.
- Behavior-specific cognitions.
- Behavioral outcomes.
Sub concepts of Health Promotion Model.
There are several sub-concepts of the health promotion model.
There are namely:
- Activity-related effects.
- Interpersonal influences.
- Personal factors.
- Perceived advantages of action.
- Situational influences.
- Perceived self-efficacy.
- Perceived barriers to action.
- Staying committed to a plan of action.
- Immediate competing demands and preferences.
Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model.
Nola Pender, a nursing theorist, devised the Health Promotion Model, which has given healthcare a new direction. Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, according to Nola J. Pender, should center on health care. When health promotion and prevention fail to anticipate predicaments and issues, disease treatment takes precedence.
Strengths and Weaknesses of Pender’s Health Promotion Model.
Strengths of Pender’s Health Promotion Model.
- The HPM considers a variety of elements that might encourage patients to participate in health-promoting activities.
- The model focuses on individualized treatments for a particular patient based on actions, objectives, and environments.
- Nurses’ roles extend beyond treatment to health promoters, strengthening each patient’s “resources, potentials, and capabilities” and offering resources and education to enhance improved health and a better quality of life.
- Some studies have found that “tailoring interventions have been found to increase intervention effectiveness” (Prof and Velsor-Friederich 366)
- Nurses and patients collaborate to achieve better health outcomes.
Weaknesses of Pender’s Health Promotion Model.
- Because it concentrates on an individual, this approach cannot adequately serve a family or community as a whole.
- Why The HPM may not fully address the health requirements of adolescents since adolescents do not have the ability to make autonomous decisions like adults (Prof and Velsor-Friederich 366)
- There is insufficient data on the health outcomes of teenagers.