This grant proposal aims to address the long-term chronic disease outcomes of college students, specifically focusing on Lisa, a low-income undergraduate student at Ferris State University in Mecosta County. Lisa’s health behaviors, including smoking and unhealthy eating habits, place her at risk for developing chronic diseases. This proposal will outline a plan to intervene and promote healthier behaviors in this rural college setting.
Planning the Intervention
To effectively plan an intervention targeting Lisa’s health behaviors, a comprehensive approach is necessary. This will involve addressing both her smoking and unhealthy eating habits, as well as considering her unique circumstances as a low-income student from a smoking household. The proposed intervention will consist of the following elements:
1. Awareness and Education: Providing information about the health risks associated with smoking and unhealthy eating habits is crucial. Educational sessions and campaigns should be designed to increase knowledge and create awareness among college students, particularly targeting Lisa and her peers.
2. Smoking Cessation Program: Given Lisa’s history of smoking, a specialized smoking cessation program should be implemented. This program should incorporate evidence-based strategies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, nicotine replacement therapy, and support groups. It should also address the social aspect of smoking by providing alternative stress-reducing activities for Lisa to engage in with her co-workers.
3. Healthy Eating Promotion: A multifaceted approach should be taken to promote healthy eating habits among college students. This could include menu labeling in campus dining facilities, introducing healthier food options, and providing nutrition education to students. In Lisa’s case, it would be beneficial to collaborate with the local fast-food restaurant where she works to introduce healthier menu options and encourage positive eating habits among employees.
4. Mental Health Support: Given Lisa’s feelings of depression and homesickness, it is important to include mental health support in the intervention. This could involve providing access to counseling services, support groups, and promoting stress-management techniques. Addressing Lisa’s emotional well-being is crucial for creating long-lasting behavior change.
Evaluation of the Intervention
To evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention, several methods should be employed. This will allow for a comprehensive assessment of the impact on Lisa’s health behaviors and identify areas for improvement. The evaluation should include the following components:
1. Pre- and Post-Intervention Assessments: Conducting surveys or interviews before and after the intervention will provide valuable insights into changes in Lisa’s health behaviors and attitudes. This data should be collected using standardized questionnaires and analyzed to measure the intervention’s success.
2. Longitudinal Follow-Up: Tracking Lisa and her peers over a period of time will provide information on the sustained impact of the intervention. This could involve follow-up assessments at regular intervals, such as six months and one year post-intervention.
3. Objective Measures: In addition to self-reported data, objective measures such as BMI measurements and smoking cessation rates should be collected. These measures will provide concrete evidence of the intervention’s impact on Lisa’s health outcomes.
4. Qualitative Data: Including qualitative data through focus groups or individual interviews with participants can provide a deeper understanding of their experiences and perceptions of the intervention. This data can help identify barriers and facilitators to behavior change and inform future program improvements.
In conclusion, this grant proposal outlines an intervention plan to address the health behaviors of Lisa, a college student from a low-income background in a rural setting. The proposed intervention includes raising awareness, providing smoking cessation support, promoting healthy eating habits, and offering mental health support. The evaluation strategy encompasses pre- and post-intervention assessments, longitudinal follow-up, objective measures, and qualitative data collection. By implementing this comprehensive intervention and evaluating its effectiveness, we aim to improve long-term chronic disease outcomes for college students in Mecosta County.