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What is Nursing?
Nursing is the independent and cooperative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups, and communities, sick or healthy, in all circumstances. It involves the promotion of health, the avoidance of sickness, and the care of the sick, disabled, and dying.
To provide efficient nursing care, the healthcare sector uses 4 methods to increase the efficiency of the nursing care provided. These methods are known as models of nursing care delivery. These models vary from one healthcare facility to another.
Let’s look at the 4 different models of nursing care delivery…
3 Major Models of Nursing Care Delivery.
The 3 major models of nursing care delivery are namely:
- Team nursing
- Primary nursing.
- Progressive patient care.
Team nursing started in the 1950s and ‘60s and mainly involves the use of a team leader and team members to provide the various aspects of nursing care to a group of clients. This model of nursing care delivery relies on teamwork in nursing in order to have the best results.
Primary nursing is a method of nursing practice that focuses on the provision of continuous care to a patient by having one nurse provide complete care to a certain small group of patients within a nursing unit in a healthcare facility. In short, primary nursing allows a nurse to provide direct patient care.
Progressive patient care.
Progressive patient care is a nursing care system in which patients are put in units based on their care needs as assessed by their degree of disease instead of on the basis of a medical specialty. Some of the elements of progressive patient care are such as intensive care units, self-care units, intermediate care units, and beds attached to out-patient departments.
Definition of Primary Nursing.
According to the medical dictionary, primary nursing refers to a method of providing nursing services to inpatients whereby one nurse plans the care of specific patients for a period of 24 hours. Additionally, the primary nurse is responsible for providing direct care to those patients when working and also directing and supervising their care in collaboration with other health care team members.
Roles of a Primary Care Nurse.
The following are some of the roles of a primary care nurse:
- Operating medical equipment
- Recording medical history and symptoms
- Collaborating with teams to plan for patient care
- Administering medications and treatments
- Performing diagnostic tests
- Advocating for the health and wellbeing of patients
- Monitoring patient health and recording signs
- Educating patients about the management of illnesses
- Providing support and advice to patients
Advantages of Primary Nursing Care.
There are several benefits of primary nursing in the provision of healthcare. Some of the main benefits of this model of nursing care delivery include:
- Continuous care delivery.
- Health maintenance.
- Better communication.
- Early detection.
- Creates knowledgeable nurses.
Primary nursing is convenient since the patient can access a wide variety of healthcare services such as preventive care and screenings from the same unit within a hospital.
Continuous care delivery.
Having a single physician makes it easier to perform a nursing diagnosis since he/she already has your medical history record. Thus, it is easier for the physician to identify if there is any genetic disease in your family.
Your primary care physician is particularly placed to assist you in avoiding health issues. Therefore, your doctor is able to evaluate whether you are at elevated risk for disorders such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, and cancer based on the examination and your medical history. Most importantly, the doctor can then assist you in taking actions to prevent the health risks from occurring.
In primary nursing, only one nurse is assigned to take care of a small group of patients. This creates a central figure among the patients which helps to improve the nurse-patient relationship. Healthy nurse-patient relationships lead to improved communication hence enabling the provision of a better quality of healthcare.
Regular checks and interaction with a single doctor increase the likelihood that any health concerns will be recognized early when they are most curable.
Creates knowledgeable and skilled nurses.
Taking care of the same patients every day creates familiarity between the nurse and patient. Thus, the nurse is able to know about the medical history and any possible health risks to the patient. Additionally, performing the same tasks repeatedly by the nurse produces specialization of nursing skills.