Patient involvement in their own care planning is a fundamental aspect of patient-centered care and is supported by numerous studies in nursing literature. It is widely recognized that involving patients in their care planning leads to improved patient outcomes and increased patient satisfaction (Greenfield et al., 2009; Schoen et al., 2011). When patients are actively engaged in their care planning, they are more likely to be involved in decision making, adhere to treatment plans, and have better self-management skills.
In situations where a patient is confused or disoriented, it is important to involve the family in the care planning process. Family members can provide valuable information about the patient’s preferences, values, and needs. Engaging them in the care planning process not only ensures that the patient’s wishes are considered but also helps in building a collaborative relationship between healthcare providers, patients, and families (Galvin et al., 2015). Effective communication with both patients and families is crucial to understanding their perspectives and expectations and tailoring care plans accordingly.
A patient’s values and preferences should always be respected and followed. Nurses are ethically obligated to provide care that aligns with patients’ personal beliefs and values (American Nurses Association, 2021). It is essential to remember that as healthcare providers, our role is to support patients in making informed decisions rather than imposing our own beliefs on them. If a patient’s values conflict with recommended treatments, it is important to have open and honest discussions about the risks and benefits of different options. Ultimately, the final decision should rest with the patient, as it is their right to make healthcare choices based on their values and beliefs.
Involving patients and their families in decision making is particularly crucial for significant healthcare decisions. Patients should have the autonomy to decide whether or not they want to undergo certain tests or treatments. As nurses, we play a vital role in educating patients about their options and providing them with the information they need to make informed decisions (Wu et al., 2016). By understanding the reasoning behind a patient’s refusal or hesitation, we can address their concerns and offer alternative approaches or solutions that are more aligned with their preferences.
In my personal practice as a bedside nurse, I prioritize involving patients and their families in the care planning process. I consider their input and incorporate their perspectives into the care plans. If a patient expresses reluctance or resistance to a particular intervention, I take the time to discuss the reasons behind their decision and explore alternative options that may better meet their needs. Education is also a critical component of the care planning process, as it enables patients to understand the rationale behind recommended interventions and actively participate in their own care.
To support the importance of patient involvement in care planning, several studies have highlighted its positive impact. For example, a study by Greenfield et al. (2009) found that patients who were actively engaged in their care planning had better diabetes management outcomes compared to those who were not involved. Similarly, Schoen et al. (2011) conducted a cross-national survey and reported that patients who participated in care decisions had higher satisfaction with their healthcare experiences across multiple countries. These studies affirm that patient involvement in care planning leads to improved patient outcomes and overall satisfaction.
In conclusion, patient involvement in care planning is essential for providing patient-centered care. It promotes better communication, decision making, and adherence to treatment plans. Nurses must respect a patient’s values and preferences and involve them and their families in significant healthcare decisions. Patient-centered care is foundational for optimal patient outcomes and improved patient satisfaction.