Stages Of Memory
Answer: Stages Of Memory
What is memory?
Memory is defined as “the process of retaining knowledge across time.” (Matlin, 2005) Stages Of Memory
“Memory is the process through which we draw on our prior experiences in order to apply this knowledge in the present.” Sternberg (1999).
stages of memory.
When information enters our memory system (through sensory input), it must be converted into a format that the system can handle in order for it to be stored.
Consider it analogous to exchanging your money for a foreign currency while traveling from one nation to another. A word that is viewed (in a book, for example) may be kept if it is converted (encoded) into a sound or a meaning (i.e. semantic processing). Stages Of Memory
There are three primary methods for encoding (changing) information:
1. Visual (picture)
2. Acoustics (sound)
3. lexical (meaning)
Storage of Memories
This relates to the nature of memory storage, namely where the information is kept, how long the memory lasts (duration), how much can be stored at any moment (capacity), and what type of information is held.
The method we store information has an impact on how we retrieve it. There has been a substantial amount of study on the distinctions between Short Term Memory (STM) and Long Term Memory (LTM) (LTM). Stages Of Memory
This relates to retrieving data from storage. If we can’t recall anything, it may be because we can’t recover it. When we are required to retrieve anything from memory, the distinctions between STM and LTM become obvious.
STM is successively stored and retrieved. For example, if a set of volunteers is given a list of words to memorize and then asked to recollect the fourth word on the list, they will travel through the list in the sequence in which they heard it to recover the information. Stages Of Memory
Stages Of Memory
Question: Stages Of Memory
what are the stages of memory?