HCA 255 TOPIC 1 DQ 1 (Two Responses)
The executive branch of the federal and state governments enforces health policies based upon the priorities that they give for scarce resources or funds. Explain why a specific priority may be given to fighting a local disease in your home state by the current government and what agencies may be tasked to head this effort.
Governments have the duty to protect the welfare of their citizens. While the government is generally concerned about any health related problems that may be experienced by the citizens, it’s attention is more focused on existing public health threats from local diseases. In order to deal with public health issues effectively, governments set priorities and allocate funds to address these issues. It is also important that they ensure that agencies involved in addressing public health issues in an effective manner remain accountable for their actions. The government of my home State gives high priority to malaria prevention as a result of which several agencies address this issue through initiatives like control in mosquito breeding, encouraging use of malaria control interventions such as bed nets and indoor residual spraying understand how education campaigns are conducted regarding malaria and its prevention through effective channels such as seminars, workshops and poster campaigns. Their efforts are regulated and supervised by the State Malaria Control Society (SMCS). Although my state still has a high incidence rate of malaria, it’s cognizance has resulted in more effective action to combat it from being taken by both the public sector as well as involving people living in malaria prone areas
Cancer is one of the major causes of death in America. According to the American Cancer Society, every year over 565,000 Americans die from cancer. The majority of these deaths occur in the states with the highest population and with the worst economic status. Knowing this, healthcare officials often invest more funds into battling cancer in states that need it most, such as my home state of Utah.
There are several agencies that are tasked to carry out the public health goals set by the government. Sometimes, these agencies have limited budgets invested in them to carry out their mission. One of the agency used by the State of California to fight against a specific disease is the Department of Public Health or Cal-PHSA (California Department of Public Health).
Agencies at the state and local level are charged with maintaining public health in their own jurisdictions. The government has given high priorities to combating antimicrobial resistance and promoting cancer prevention, and invites the participation of all its citizens.
First off, you have to understand that the government is a group of people elected by the citizens of that state. The people elect them to protect them and make their lives better. So the local elected officials decide what is best for the local public. When it comes to budgeting and planning, they have to look at the bigger picture. Where do they want to direct the money? This question is most likely answered by looking at their priorities. Based on the priorities of a state’s government, we can see which diseases get funded more than others.
In the United States, if a disease has been determined to be infectious and dangerous, that specific disease will then be given attention by the Federal Bureau of Health. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Federal Health Management Office (HMO) will then work together in order to catch the disease. In addition, there is often a state agency that works in conjunction with the federal health agencies. For example, the Washington Department of Health Public Health Division is allocated money from federal funds to conduct surveillance for certain illness.
In my home state of California, there have been a number of efforts to fight the disease of obesity. Obesity is a public health problem that puts both adults and children at very high risk for many serious diseases including heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, and premature death, just to name a few. To combat this epidemic there have been efforts on local, state and national levels. At the local level there are school systems that are trying to educate their students on a healthy nutrition plan. The governor of California has signed a bill that will require all schools to provide healthy snacks during the school day for their students. On the state level there is the Public Health Institutes TACKLE program which is dedicated to building the capacity of communities who are in need of helping reduce obesity through interventions with policy changes. National government programs such as Healthy People 2020 and Let’s Move! aim to decrease obesity in America by 2020, President Obama launched the Let’s Move! campaign in 2010 and created 23 healthier USDA Food Guidelines to help Americans eat better while still enjoying affordable food.
The executive branch of the federal and state governments enforces health policies based upon the priorities that they give for scarce resources or funds