In this assignment, we will be taking the first step in a three-part project. Our focus will be on part one, which involves selecting a topic of moral controversy, debate, disagreement, and dispute. This topic will serve as the foundation for the subsequent steps of the project. The purpose of this assignment is to identify the positions of each side of the ethical debate related to the chosen topic and evaluate these positions using the moral theories we have studied.
To begin with, we need to select a topic that is morally controversial. This could include subjects such as euthanasia, the death penalty, abortion, cloning, or any other topic that elicits differing moral viewpoints. It is important to note that the topic chosen must be the same throughout all steps of the project.
Once we have selected our topic, we must examine the positions of each side of the ethical debate. It is crucial to present at least two moral reasons that support each side’s view on the topic. For example, in the case of euthanasia, one side may argue that it is morally permissible because it allows individuals to end their suffering and maintain their dignity. On the other hand, another side may contend that euthanasia is morally wrong because it violates the sanctity of life.
Now, we will evaluate these positions using the moral theories we studied this week. This requires applying ethical frameworks and principles to assess the ethical justifications presented by each side. Our analysis should consider ethical theories such as utilitarianism, deontological ethics, virtue ethics, and consequentialism, among others. By employing these theories, we can critically analyze the moral reasoning behind each position and assess their strengths and weaknesses.
Moreover, it is important to reference and discuss any relevant professional code of ethics related to the chosen topic. This could include codes such as the AMA code for doctors, the ANA code for nurses, or any other pertinent professional code in the field. By incorporating these codes, we can explore any ethical guidelines or obligations specific to professionals involved in the topic under scrutiny.
In addition, we should address whether and how the chosen topic involves any conflicts between professional and familial duties. For instance, in the case of euthanasia, healthcare professionals may face a conflict between their duty to preserve life as outlined in professional codes of ethics and the desires of terminally ill patients and their families to end suffering. By examining conflicts between professional and familial duties, we can further analyze the complexity of the ethical debate and the challenges faced by individuals involved in the topic.
To support our analysis and arguments, it is essential to cite the textbook used in the course, as well as incorporate relevant outside sources. These sources should be cited using appropriate citation methods, such as APA or MLA, to ensure academic integrity and to give credit to the original authors.
In conclusion, this first step of the project involves selecting a morally controversial topic, detailing the positions of each side of the ethical debate, evaluating these positions using the moral theories studied, referencing and discussing relevant professional codes of ethics, and exploring conflicts between professional and familial duties. By completing this step, we lay the groundwork for the subsequent steps of the project, which will further refine our understanding of the chosen topic and contribute to a comprehensive analysis.