Two-week-old Tabitha has infant respiratory distress syndrome. Eighty-year-old Anthony has emphysema, and 50-year-old Jenny has pulmonary fibrosis. a.            Why are the mechanics of breathing greatly compromised in all these cases? Week Discussion Questions Abitha, a 2-week-old boy, has respiratory distress syndrome. Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is an issue which often happens in babies that are premature. The situation causes it to be difficult for the infant to breathe. Newborn RDS occurs in babies whose lungs aren’t yet completely developed. The breathing mechanism is seriously influenced in the RDS. Azure skin could additionally be noticed because of bad blood circulation, inadequate urine output or maybe decreased birth weight. Anthony, eighty, has emphysema. Emphysema is a condition which harms the alveoli and will harm the little airways in the lungs. This substantially cuts down on the capability of the airways and the sacs to expel the standard quantity of air out of the lungs. The ensuing state, likewise referred to as “air trapping,” stops air that is fresh from getting into to put out oxygen into the bloodstream. The effect is a sensation of shortness of breath. Jenny, fifty, has pulmonary fibrosis. Pulmonary fibrosis is actually a lung disease which happens healed as well as when lung tissue is harmed. This rigid and thick tissue causes it to be hard for the lungs to run right. As the pulmonary fibrosis of yours worsens, it gets a lot more breathless. Reference Grossman, S. C., & Porth, C. (2014). . Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. .

In the case of all three individuals – Tabitha, Anthony, and Jenny – the mechanics of breathing are compromised due to specific conditions affecting their respiratory system.

Tabitha, a two-week-old infant, is diagnosed with infant respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). RDS is a common issue in premature babies whose lungs are not fully developed. The immature lungs of premature infants lack sufficient amounts of surfactant, a substance that reduces surface tension and helps keep the lungs inflated. Without adequate surfactant, the alveoli in Tabitha’s lungs cannot expand and contract properly, making it difficult for her to breathe efficiently. Additionally, the lack of surfactant makes it harder for oxygen to move from the alveoli into the bloodstream, leading to reduced oxygen levels in Tabitha’s body.

Anthony, an eighty-year-old individual, has emphysema. Emphysema is a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) characterized by damage to the alveoli and the small airways in the lungs. The damage to these structures leads to a significant reduction in the capacity of the airways to expel air from the lungs. This condition, known as “air trapping,” prevents fresh air from entering the lungs and exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide with the bloodstream effectively. As a result, Anthony experiences shortness of breath and a feeling of breathlessness due to the inefficient process of ventilation and oxygenation.

Jenny, a fifty-year-old woman, has pulmonary fibrosis. Pulmonary fibrosis is a lung disease that occurs when lung tissue becomes scarred and stiff. The thickening and rigidity of the lung tissue make it more challenging for the lungs to expand and contract adequately during respiration. As pulmonary fibrosis progresses, the reduced lung compliance further impairs the ability to move air in and out effectively. This leads to increased work of breathing and a sensation of breathlessness for Jenny.

In summary, the compromised mechanics of breathing in all these cases can be attributed to specific conditions affecting the respiratory system. In the case of Tabitha, RDS hampers proper lung expansion and oxygenation due to the lack of surfactant. Anthony’s emphysema results in air trapping and inefficient exchange of gases due to damage to the alveoli and small airways. Jenny’s pulmonary fibrosis causes stiff and thick lung tissue, leading to impaired lung compliance and increased work of breathing. These conditions collectively impede the normal functioning of the respiratory system, causing difficulties in breathing for Tabitha, Anthony, and Jenny.