When you decide to purchase a new car, you first decide what is important to you. If mileage and dependability are the important factors, you will search for data focused more on these factors and less on color options and sound systems. The same holds true when searching for research evidence to guide your clinical inquiry and professional decisions. Developing a formula for an answerable, researchable question that addresses your need will make the search process much more effective. One such formula is the PICO(T) format. In this Discussion, you will transform a clinical inquiry into a searchable question in PICO(T) format, so you can search the electronic databases more effectively and efficiently. You will share this PICO(T) question and examine strategies you might use to increase the rigor and effectiveness of a database search on your PICO(T) question. Post a brief description of your clinical issue of interest. This clinical issue will remain the same for the entire course and will be the basis for the development of your PICOT question. Describe your search results in terms of the number of articles returned on original research and how this changed as you added search terms using your Boolean operators. Finally, explain strategies you might make to increase the rigor and effectiveness of a database search on your PICO(T) question. Be specific and provide examples. PICOT question I would prefer to use is Bariatric surgery and diabetes APA format At least 3 references not more than 5 years 1 page

Bariatric surgery is a well-established and widely used treatment option for individuals with obesity. Type 2 diabetes is a common comorbidity associated with obesity, and research has shown that bariatric surgery can lead to remission or improvement in diabetes outcomes. In order to further explore this topic and guide clinical decision-making, it is important to develop a clear and answerable research question using the PICO(T) format.

P: Population/Problem
The population of interest in this study is individuals with obesity and type 2 diabetes who are considering bariatric surgery as a treatment option. This includes adults of both genders.

I: Intervention
The intervention of interest is bariatric surgery. This can include various surgical procedures such as gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, or adjustable gastric banding.

C: Comparison
The comparison in this case would be non-surgical interventions or no intervention. This could include lifestyle modifications, medical management of diabetes, or other non-surgical weight loss interventions.

O: Outcome
The outcome of interest is the impact of bariatric surgery on diabetes outcomes. This can include measures such as glycemic control, HbA1c levels, diabetes remission or improvement, and long-term complications related to diabetes.

T: Time
The time frame for this study could vary, but ideally, it would include both short-term and long-term outcomes. Short-term outcomes may include changes in diabetes control within the first year post-surgery, while long-term outcomes may include sustainable diabetes remission or improvement several years after surgery.

Based on the PICO(T) elements described above, a clear and answerable research question can be formulated as follows:
“In individuals with obesity and type 2 diabetes, does bariatric surgery compared to non-surgical interventions or no intervention lead to improved diabetes outcomes, such as glycemic control, diabetes remission or improvement, and long-term complications, over a specified time frame?”

To search for relevant literature on this topic, it is crucial to use appropriate search terms and strategies. Initially, a broad search term such as “bariatric surgery and diabetes” can be used to capture a large number of articles on the topic. This initial search may return a high number of articles, possibly in the thousands or more. However, as more specific search terms and Boolean operators (e.g., AND, OR, NOT) are added, the search results can be refined.

For example, adding terms such as “glycemic control,” “diabetes remission,” and “long-term complications” to the search query can help narrow down the results to more relevant articles. Additionally, including specific types of bariatric surgery procedures (e.g., gastric bypass) or non-surgical interventions (e.g., lifestyle modifications) as search terms can further refine the search results.

To increase the rigor and effectiveness of a database search on the PICO(T) question, several strategies can be employed. One strategy is to use controlled vocabulary or subject headings specific to the database being searched. These subject headings, such as Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) in PubMed, can help ensure that the search retrieves articles with relevant content.

Another strategy is to use truncation and wildcards to capture variations of keywords and increase search comprehensiveness. For example, using the truncation symbol (*) after the root word “diabet*” would capture articles with variations like “diabetes,” “diabetic,” or “diabetics.”

Furthermore, using filters and limits within the database search can help focus the search on specific study designs (e.g., randomized controlled trials) or publication types (e.g., peer-reviewed articles).

In conclusion, the PICO(T) format is a valuable tool for transforming a clinical inquiry into a searchable question. By clearly defining the population/problem, intervention, comparison, outcome, and time frame of interest, researchers can conduct effective database searches to obtain relevant research evidence. Employing strategies such as using appropriate search terms, Boolean operators, controlled vocabulary, truncation, filters, and limits can enhance the rigor and effectiveness of the search process.