Which of the following infectious diseases associated with psychiatric symptoms

Which of the following infectious diseases associated with psychiatric symptoms

Answer:

Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) is a rare neurologic syndrome that is associated with psychiatric symptoms, including olfactory and gustatory hallucinations, psychosis, personality changes and partial seizures.

Borrelia meningitis is most likely to present with olfactory and gustatory hallucinations (olfactory appears first), personality changes, partial seizures, and psychosis.

Unless you’re a physician, this is a pretty challenging question. Olfactory and gustatory hallucinations are directly linked to Korsakov’s syndrome, a disease that has been associated with psychiatric symptoms. It develops as the result of chronic alcohol abuse. Korsakov’s syndrome can also be caused by viral encephalitis, HIV or herpes infections. What separates Korsakov’s from other conditions with similar presentations is the severity of these symptoms and their high correlation with alcoholism – even in individuals without an impaired liver.

Paranasal sinus infections, such as sinusitis or rhinosinusitis are the most likely infection that can cause psychiatric symptoms. These infections usually start in the nasal passage and spread to the paranasal sinuses. They can also be caused by complications from ear, eye, nose and throat infections.

Dengue fever…a virus transmitted through infected mosquitos. This disease presents with several symptoms including high fever, aching joints, and a rash. It can cause delusions, psychosis, hallucinations and personality changes…but that’s not all. Scientists are now finding that Dengue fever has another effect: partial seizures.

Neurosyphilis.

Acute infectious encephalitis

Schizophrenia. Mood and personality changes are common in patients with schizophrenia.

Tuberculosis, Syphilis, or Schizophrenia?

Question:

Which of the following infectious diseases associated with psychiatric symptoms is most likely to present with olfactory and gustatory hallucinations, psychosis, personality changes, and partial seizures?

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